What is National Population Register (NPR)
The National Population Register (NPR) is a list of all the people residing in India and includes both the citizens and non-citizens as well. This definition is based on the statement by the Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju as a response in the Rajya Sabha that was released on 26 November 2014 by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. It stated that "the NPR is the first step towards creation of National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC) by verifying the citizenship status of every usual residents."
Residents of a locality living there for at least six months with plans to continue their residence for another six months or more are included into the list of NPR. It is prepared as per the provisions of the Citizenship Act, 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003. The listing is done at the local (village/sub-town), sub-district, district, state and national level. Every "usual resident of India" has to register in the NPR mandatorily.
On 24 December 2019, the Union Cabinet approved Rs 3,941 crore for updating the National Population Register (NPR), one of the first steps in implementing the NRC. The NPR is scheduled to take place in April 2020.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 22 December 2019 said, "there has been no discussion on NRC anywhere... we only had to implement it in Assam to follow Supreme Court directives." The CPM leader Prakash Karat called it "disinformation" by the government. Karat clarified that the NPR was the first step of the NRC process.
On 31 July 2019, the Registrar General of Citizen Registration had issued the notification to prepare and update the NPR.The timeline for this was announced to be between 1 April 2020 and 30 September 2020. As per the NPR exercise, an enumeration will be carried out, throughout the country (except Assam) by visiting every house for "collection of information relating to all persons who are usually residing within the jurisdiction of the Local Registrar".According to the procedure announced through the "Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules 2003", the list of NPR will undergo due verification and it will form the basis of the local register of Indian citizens.