Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana
Brief Background: The Centrally Sponsored Scheme ‘Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana’ (PMAGY) is being implemented for integrated development of Scheduled Castes (SC) majority villages having SC Population concentration > 50%. Initially the scheme was launched on Pilot basis in 1000 villages in 5 States viz. Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. The Scheme was further revised on 22.01.2015 with expansion to another 1500 SC majority villages distributed in Assam, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Haryana.
The principal objective of the Scheme is integrated development of SC Majority Villages:
Primarily through convergent implementation of the relevant Central and State Schemes;
By providing these villages Central Assistance in form of gap-filling funds to the extent of Rs.20.00 lakh per village, to be increased by another 5 lakh if State make a matching contribution.
By providing gap-filling component to take up activities which do not get covered under the existing Central and State Government Schemes are to be taken up under the component of ‘gap filling’.
Monitorable Targets: Para 10 of Scheme guidelines provides for monitorable targets, ie, quantifiable outcomes/deliverables viz. socio-economic indicators, in terms of achievement of which the performance of the Scheme will be specifically monitored, at the end of the third year of PMAGY implementation. These are as follows:
As far as possible, elimination of poverty, but reduction in its incidence by at least 50% within 3 years.
Universal adult literacy.
100 % enrolment and retention of children at the elementary stage.
Reduction of infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births) to 30 and maternal mortality (per lakh) to 100, by 2012.
100% allotment of IAY houses to all eligible families.
Village should fulfill Nirmal Gram Puraskar norms of the Deptt of Drinking Water Supply, M/o Rural Development.
Access to safe drinking water facility to all villagers on a sustainable basis.
100% institutional deliveries for pregnant women.
Full immunization of children.
Achieving all weather road connectivity to the village.
100% registration of births and deaths in the village.
No child marriages and child labour.
No public consumption of liquor and other intoxicating substances.
While aiming to achieve all of the above targets, the States are expected to achieve at least 3 of them fully by the end of the third year of implementation of the PMAGY.
Social parameters which do not require funds could be taken up first in the PMAGY villages for a period of 5-7 months, eg, 100% immunization of children, 100% registration of births and deaths. Once these parameters are achieved, the work of creation of some physical asset, as listed in the VDP, either under convergence or gap filling, could be initiated.
Other details about the Scheme: As per Census 2011, there are 46844 SC majority villages (having greater than 50% SC population) in the country. With the pilot phase and the present expansion total 2500 SC majority villages will be covered under the Scheme. As per the XIIth Plan Outlay the budget available for the Scheme is Rs. 422.00 crores.