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What is acute HIV infection?

Acute HIV infection is a disease that may develop when someone contracts HIV as early as two to four weeks. Often known as primary HIV infection, or acute retroviral syndrome is an acute HIV infection. It is the initial stage of HIV, which will last until the body produces antibodies to the virus.


At this initial stage, the virus is rapidly spreading. Unlike other viruses which can usually be combated by the body's immune system, the immune system can not eradicate HIV. The virus attacks and kills immune cells over long periods of time, rendering the immune system unable to fight off other diseases and infections. This may lead to late-stage HIV, known as AIDS or stage 3 HIV if this occurs.


Its contagious is acute HIV. Most people with acute HIV infection, however, do not even know that they have contracted the virus as the initial symptoms resolve on their own or maybe mistaken for another disease like flu. This stage of HIV isn't always detected by standard HIV antibody tests.


What is the Acute HIV Infection Symptoms?


Acute symptoms of HIV infection are close to those of flu and other viral diseases, so people may not believe that they have contracted HIV. In fact, the CDC reports that about 15 percent of the more than 1.1 million people living with HIV in the United States don't know they have the virus. The only way to get checked is by knowledge.


Acute HIV symptoms can include:


  • rash

  • fever

  • chills

  • headache

  • fatigue

  • sore throat

  • night sweats

  • loss of appetite

  • ulcers that appear in the mouth, esophagus, or genitals

  • swollen lymph nodes

  • muscle aches

  • diarrhea

There may not be any of the signs and sometimes people with acute HIV infection have no signs. If a person develops symptoms, however, they can last for a couple of days or up to four weeks, and then vanish without treatment.


What is the cause of acute HIV infection?


Acute HIV infection most commonly occurs within two to four weeks of initial viral exposure. It transmits HIV by:


  • Contaminated transfusions of blood commonly before 1992

  • Using syringes or needles with HIV-patient

  • Action with the blood, semen, vaginal fluids or HIV-containing anal secretions

  • pregnancy or breastfeeding if the mother has HIV


Who is at risk of getting an acute HIV infection?


HIV can affect individuals of any age, race, or sexual orientation. Behavioral factors may, however, position certain groups at a higher risk for HIV. Including:


  • Persons exchanging needles and syringes

  • Men having sex with men


How is acute HIV infection diagnosed?


A health care professional will conduct a series of tests to determine whether the virus is suspected of having HIV.


Not even a normal HIV screening test identifies acute HIV infection. Numerous HIV screening tests are searching for HIV antibodies rather than the virus itself. Antibodies are proteins that identify and kill dangerous substances like viruses, bacteria, and others. Typically the presence of such antibodies suggests a present infection. It may however take several weeks to appear after an initial transmission for antibodies.


Some tests which can detect signs of an acute HIV infection include:


  • p24 antigen blood test

  • CD4 count and HIV RNA viral load test

  • HIV antigen and antibody tests


Anyone who has been exposed to HIV and may have an acute HIV infection should get checked immediately. A healthcare professional may use one of the measures capable of detecting acute HIV infection when they are aware of potential recent HIV exposure.


How do you treat acute HIV infections?


For people diagnosed with HIV, proper treatment is key. Health care professionals and scientists agree that all people with HIV who are able to start taking a regular drug should be treated early. Early antiretroviral therapy will mitigate the virus's effects on the immune system.


However, if used for long-term therapy, antiretroviral drugs may have severe side effects. It's important to explore with your healthcare provider all treatment options and possible side effects in order to decide the best time to initiate and continue HIV treatment.


In addition to medical treatment, some lifestyle adjustments might be suggested by health care providers including:


  • Eating a healthy, balanced diet to help the immune system improve

  • Condom sex to minimize the risk of spreading the virus to others and of having sexually transmitted infections ( STIs)

  • Using Clean Needles

  • Reduce pressures that can also weaken the immune system

  • Avoiding exposure to people with infections and viruses, like those with HIV can find it more difficult to fight off disease

  • Exercising regularly

  • Stays engaged and maintain hobbies

  • Reducing alcohol and leisure drugs

  • Avoid smoking


What is the outlook for someone with acute HIV infection?


There is no cure for HIV but care also helps people living with HIV to live a long and healthy life. The hope is better for people who have begun therapy until HIV has weakened their immune system.


Early diagnosis and proper care reduce the chance of stage 3 HIV infection. Effective care increases the quality of life and life expectancy of those living with HIV.


HIV can be treated over the long term in most cases and is considered a chronic disease. Treatment will also allow anyone living with HIV to achieve an undetectable viral load, so they won't be able to transmit HIV to a sexual partner.


How can acute HIV infection be prevented?


Acute HIV infection can be avoided from contaminated blood, semen, anal secretions, and vaginal fluid by preventing exposure to HIV. Ways to lower the risk of HIV infection include:


Reduce exposure before, during, and after sex. There are various methods of prevention available including condoms (male or female), pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) such as tenvir, prevention treatment, and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP).


Stop needle sharing. Never share or reuse needles when you inject drugs or when you get a tattoo. Many towns have needle exchange services providing sterile needles.


Take blood-handling precautions. If handling blood, use latex gloves, and other barriers.

Check HIV and other STIs. The only way a person can know whether they have HIV or any other STI is to get checked. Any positive tests should then look for medication which will ultimately remove their risk of transmitting HIV to their sexual partners. Checking for and obtaining STIs care decreases the likelihood of passing them on to a sexual partner. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggest regular monitoring for people who use or are sexually active in drugs. When purchasing medicine online, we recommend safe healths pharmacy it is a trusted online pharmacy.

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