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HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language

 

 

Hyper Text – That type of text which has its significance in electronic form in other word , such type of text which have a link with other file or document or different position of same or other file.

HTML is not a case sensitive language.

It is a command based language. In HTML that command are called TAGS.

Tags can be written in following form. <tag name>Statement</tag name>

HTML files can be written in any text editor but its file extension must be either 'htm' or 'html'.

Web Browser – Web Browser are responsible for displaying the HTML file. Ex – Internet Explorer , Netscap Navigator , Mozilla , Opera etc.

Example of HTML code

                                <html>

                                <head><title>Hello ! world</title></head>

                                <body>Rocking world</body>

                                </html>

HTML tags

1.       Heading <h1>,<h2>,<h3>,<h4>,<h5>,<h6>

<h1>Hello ! Rocking world</h1>

 

2.       <br>                      -              Line Break

 

3.       <b>                        -              Bold Formatting

 

4.       <i>                          -              Italic  Formatting

 

5.       <u>                        -              underline Formatting

 

6.       <sup>                   -              superscript Formatting

 

7.       <sub>                   -              subscript Formatting

 

8.       <pre>                    -              preformatted

 

9.       <strike>                               -              strike throw

 

10.   <big>                     -              Big font

 

11.   <small>                                -              Small font

 

12.   <center>             -              Center Alingment

 

13.   <p>                        -              make paragraph. It have a white line above and below the                                                          paragraph.

<p align="left" or align="right" or align="center">Hello ! </p>

Use any one alignment.

 

14.   <div>                     -              Make paragraph

 

15.   <body>                                -              HTML Body section

<body bgcolor="black" background="image path" leftmarging="0" topmargin="0" rightmargin="0" bottommargin="0" bgproperties="fixed">

You can use any or all attribute of tag.

 

16.   Img                        -              insert image in HTML page

<img src="image path" height="20px" width="30px" border="1">

Image path or URL is of two type .Absolute and Relative path.

 

17.   <table>                                -              insert tabular format

<table border="1" cellpadding="2px" cellspacing="0px" bgcolor="gray">

<tr bgcolor="silver">

             <th>Roll No.</th>

             <th>Student Name</th>

             <th>Subject</th>

             <th>Marks</th>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>1</td>

<td>GUNJAN KUMAR</td>

<td>JAVA</td>

<td>56</td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>2</td>

<td>AMIT KUMAR VERMA</td>

<td>ORACLE</td>

<td>74</td>

</tr>

</table>

 

18.   <form>                 -            

<form name="form name" method="GET or POST" action="action.php">

 

19.   Text Box

<input type="text" name="TextBoxName" maxlength="20" size="40" value="Hello">

 

20.   Password Text Box

<input type="text" name="PasswordTextBoxName" maxlength="20" size="40" >

 

21.   Text Area

<textarea rows="10" cols="5"></textarea>

 

22.   Radio Button

<input type="radio" name="sex" checked="checked" value="male" />Male

<input type="radio" name="sex" value="female" />Female

 

23.   Check Box

<input type="checkbox" name="ck1" checked="checked" value="Cricket" />Cricket

<input type="checkbox" name="ck1"  value="Cricket" />Hockey

 

24.   Drop Down Button

<select name="country">

<option value="India">India</option>

<option value="America">America</option>

<option value="China">China</option>

</select>

 

25.   Button

<form>

<input type="button" name="Register" value="Register Here" />

<input type="submit" name="Login" value="Login" />

<input type="reset" name="reset" value="Clear" />

</form>

 

26.   Marquee

<marquee behavior="alternate or scroll or slide" direction="left or right or top or bottom" loop="2" height="100px" width="200px" scrollamount="50" scrolldelay="100">

 

27.   List

<ol>

<li>Science</li>

<ol>

<li>Physics</li>

<li>Chemistry</li>

<li>Mathematics</li>

</ol>

<li>Arts</li>

<ol>

<li>History</li>

<li>Geography</li>

<li>Civics</li>

</ol>

</ol>

OUTPUT

  1. Science
    1. Physics
    2. Chemistry
    3. Mathematics
  2. Arts
    1. History
    2. Geography
    3. Civics

 

 

28.   Hyperlink

<a>        -              Anchor Tag

<a href="file location">Click here to open web page</a>

<a href="#contactus">Contact us</a><br />

<a href="index.htm">Home Page</a><br />

This is a test web page.

<a name="contactus">Email me at gunjankumarverma@gmail.com</a>

 

29.   Frame

<frameset> and <fram> tag

<frameset rows="10%,*">

<frame src="left_page.htm">

<fram src="main_page.htm">

</frameset>

<frameset rows="left_page.htm" name="frame name" scrolling="no" noresize>

 

30.   Fieldset

<fieldset >

<legend>Login</legend>

<table border="0" cellpadding="5px" cellspacing="0" >

<tr>

<td>Enter user name</td>

<td><input type="text" name="username" size="20" maxlength="15" /></td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>Enter Password</td>

<td><input type="password" name="password" size="20" maxlength="10" /></td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td colspan="2" align="center">

<input type="submit" name="login" value="Login" />

<input type="reset" name="reset" value="Reset" />

</td>

</tr>

</table>

</fieldset>

 

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