Along with developing methods such as the method of Glen Doman, Maria Montessori, upbringing according to the Makoto Shichida method, the use of elements of TRIZ pedagogy, it has become fashionable to introduce children to the history of art, the study of painting, and early acquaintance with music. The demand and popularity of such methods among parents is explained by the fact that modern society makes more and more demands on a person as a person. Being educated is no longer enough. It is important to be able to think creatively and be able to solve non-standard problems easily and naturally. Be a versatile person with a broad outlook and personal opinion.
As he grows up, the child is more and more active in the process of learning. His thoughts, feelings become more conscious. They influence the formation of a growing person's attitude to the surrounding reality, life events. There is an active development of the processes of perception, memory, imagination, thinking. Intellectual growth is taking place. An important component of growth and development is the efficient functioning of the brain, which is ensured by the close interaction of the right and left hemispheres.
The American neuropsychologist R. Sperry noted in his works that each hemisphere is responsible for a special specific way of knowing the world and in most cases acts as an independent brain. Thus, for the effective functioning of the brain, active interaction of the hemispheres is necessary. The left and right hemispheres should be equally well developed and work in harmony.
The positive influence of art on the development of children
In the process of child development, as a rule, parents, educators and teachers pay much attention to writing, counting, the development of logic, learning languages, reading. The left hemisphere is responsible for all this. To develop the right hemisphere, one should practice music, dance, painting or in other arts and other forms of art.
Art as a form of reflection and mastering of reality, a form of sensory cognition, as an element of culture, influences the development of personality, helps to manifest and develop a person's creative abilities.
Personality is being formed
Favorably affects the intellectual potential
Promotes the formation of socially acceptable moral guidelines
Helps the child learn to think creatively Creative
activities contribute to the formation of positive self-esteem and self-confidence.In the
process of getting acquainted with art, the child learns to observe, analyze, reflect, interpret
Learns to translate the language of feelings and emotions into verbal form
Develops non-standard thinking, memory, speech, attention
Art, how an element of culture helps to broaden horizons and get to know the cultural environment of the whole world
Art is a good helper in solving emotional or psychological problems
How to make art a part of a child's life?
- Let the art be available to the child. Listen to music, dance, paint, sing.
- Get creative together. If you do not have deep knowledge and do not know how to captivate the child, start with what is interesting to you and the child will reach after you.
- Organize an area where the necessary materials for creative activities will be stored: crayons, paints, pencils, brushes, albums, colored paper, glue, plasticine, modeling mass.
- Set aside a shelf for art-related and narrative books.
- Read books about artists, musicians, architects, sculptors and art objects.
- Consider reproductions. Discuss, ask questions, encourage the child to think and reflect.
- Visit museums, theaters, exhibitions, concerts. Draw your child's attention to street art.
- Arrange a mini-exhibition of children's works at home. A cork board, a magnetic board, a door, a wall, and even a refrigerator are suitable places for such mini-exhibitions. Change drawings, crafts over time.
- Create a special folder (a folder with files on rings will do) or a box to store your child's artworks. Let the child see and feel that he is a creator and close people appreciate it. It helps build self-confidence and positive self-esteem.
- Make traditional home shows, musicals, musical concerts.
- If you notice that the child is interested in a certain type of art, enroll him in a thematic circle, where he can learn more and acquire the necessary skills.
Getting acquainted with the world of art, the child learns to look at the world, to know its beauty, acquires certain moral values and guidelines. There is a harmonious development of the personality. Therefore, the task of parents is to create conditions in which the child can not only get acquainted with the masterpieces of world art, but also be able to find creative self-expression.