Mathematics enthusiastic always have the questions What is Vedic Mathematics and What are the . Techniques/Sutras in Vedic Mathematics. But when they try to go through the Vedic Mathematics books they get confused for some of the techniques, concepts and to understand this they search on internet. I found that not much information of Vedic Mathematics Sutras/Techniques is present over the internet.
By referring original book of Vedic Mathematics by Tirthaji Maharaj, I have tried to mention the Vedic Mathematics Sutras in a simpler and with step by step approach. I have solved lot of examples to make Vedic Mathematics Tricks understandable.
Shri Bharathi Krishna Tirthaji Maharaj was born in March 1884 in the Puri village of Orissa state. He was very good in subjects like mathematics, science, humanities and was excellent in Sanskrit language. His interests were also in spiritualism and mediation. In fact when he was practicing meditation in the forest near Sringeri, he rediscovered the Vedic sutras. He claims that these sutras/techniques he learnt from the Vedas especially ‘Rig-Veda’ directly or indirectly and he intuitively rediscovered them when he was practicing meditation for 8 years.
Later he wrote the sutras on the manuscripts but were lost. Finally in year 1957, he wrote introductory volume of 16 sutras which is called as Vedic Mathematics and planned to write other sutras later. But soon he developed cataract in both of his eyes and passed away in year 1960.
Vedic Mathematics can definitely solve mathematical numerical calculations in faster way. Some Vedic Math Scholars mentioned that Using Vedic Maths tricks you can do calculations 10-15 times faster than our usual methods. I agree this to some extent because some methods in Vedic Mathematics are really very fast. But some of this methods are dependent on the specific numbers which are to be calculated. They are called specific methods.
Lets take 1 example to see the Power of Vedic Mathematics.
Division Shortcuts in Vedic Mathematics:
1/19 is a Rational Number which forms a recurring decimal number and which recurs the sequence after every 18 digits.
How much time will you take to divide 1/19. Using Ekadhikena Purvena Sutra of Vedic Mathematics, It would take just 7-8 seconds to calculate exact decimal number in just 1 line.
Like this, I have mentioned more Divisions in Vedic Mathematics
Gaurav Tekriwal, Founder of vedicmathsindia.org on Quora, mentioned below The Use of Vedic Mathematics.
Vedic Maths Techniques/Sutras have the maths tricks for fast calculation and can be used in exams like CAT, CET, SAT, Banking Exams, etc.
Let’s have a look at some of the techniques used in Vedic Mathematics.
Multiplication Techniques/Shortcuts Using Vedic Mathematics:
Using Vedic Maths Tricks you can multiply 962 and 998 in mind in couple of seconds.
Check More => Multiplcations Shorcuts in Vedic Mathematics
Calculating Squares in Vedic Mathematics
How much time will you take to calculate square of 1221.
Using DvandaYoga of Vedic Mathematics, it is just 2 step answer
Check More => Shorcuts of Calculating Squares using Vedic Maths
Calculating Squares Roots in Vedic Mathematics
How would calculate Square Root of 20736.893?? Using Vedic Mathematics its 4 step method.
Check More => Square Roots in Vedic Mathematics
Also Read => Cubes using Vedic Mathematics
|#||Name / Sutra||Corollory / Sub-Sutra||Meaning|
|1||Ekadhikena Purvena||Anurupyena||By one more than the previous one|
|2||Nikhilam Navatashcaramam Dashatah||Sisyate Sesasamjnah||All from 9 and the last from 10|
|3||Urdhva-Tiryagbyham||Adyamadyenantyamantyena||Vertically and crosswise|
|4||Paravartya Yojayet||Kevalaih Saptakam Gunyat||Transpose and adjust|
|5||Shunyam Saamyasamuccaye||Vestanam||When the sum is the same that sum is zero|
|6||Anurupye Shunyamanyat||Shunya Anyat||If one is in ratio, the other is zero|
|7||Sankalana-vyavakalanabhyam||Yavadunam Tavadunikritya Varga Yojayet||By addition and by subtraction|
|8||Puranapuranabyham||Antyayordashake’pi||By the completion or non-completion|
|9||Chalana-Kalanabyham||Antyayoreva||Differences and Similarities|
|10||Yavadunam||Samuccayagunitah||Whatever the extent of its deficiency|
|11||Vyashtisamasthi||Lopanasthapanabhyam||Part and Whole|
|12||Shesanyankena Charamena||Vilokanam||The remainders by the last digit|
|13||Sopaantyadvayamantyam||Gunitasamuccayah Samuccayagunitah||The ultimate and twice the penultimate|
|14||Ekanyunena Purvena||Dhvajanka||By one less than the previous one|
|15||Gunitasamuchyah||Dwandwa Yoga||The product of the sum is equal to the sum of the product|
|16||Gunakasamuchyah||Adyam Antyam Madhyam||The factors of the sum is equal to the sum of the factors|