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    Posted by educratsweb.comEducation 👁 387 times visited (12 Apr 2021) Sources https://www.ritusacademy.com/feeds/posts/default?alt=rss
    General knowledge of sports#
     General knowledge of coronavirus 2020General knowledge of sports1. P V Sindhu is the first Indian to win Badminton world Championships Gold. 2. Vishwanathan Anand is the first Indian to win the  Chess Championships.3. Aarti Saha is the first Indian woman to swim across the Indian channel.4. Lala Amarnath is the first Indian to score Century in tests. 5. Rafael Nadal won the most french open men's singles titles.6. Roger Federer won the most Grand Slam men's single titles.7. Serena Williams won the most Grand Slam women's singles titles. 8. Women's cricket world cup was held in year 1973.9. The greeks started ancient Olympic games.10. Abhinav Bindra was the first Indian to own an individual gold medal at Biezing Olympics in 2008.11. K D Yadav was the first Indian to win an individual medal in Olympics.12. Martina Navratilova won the maximum number of Grand Slam women's doubles titles.13. Novak Djokovic won the most Australian open singles titles. 14. Anil Kumble was the first Indian cricketer to take all 10 wickets in test cricket.15. Karnam Malleswari is the first Indian woman to win an individual medal at the Olympic games. 16. Kapil Dev is the first Indian cricketer to score Century in ODI. 17. Milkha Singh is known as Flying Sikh of India. Pakistan General Ayub Khan gave him a nick name.18. Deepa Karmakar is related to Gymnastics.19. According to 2020   Motera Stadium is the largest stadium in the world. But  it was renamed Narendra Modi stadium on 24 February 2021. Its sitting capacity is 110,000 thousand viewers. It was also known as Sardaar Vallabhbhai Patel Stadium which is located in Ahmedabad, Gujarat India.- The second largest cricket stadium is Melbourne Cricket ground at Australia.20. Rohan More is the first asian to swim across the ocean seven.21. Vishwanathan Anand is the first recipient of Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award.22. Shahruj Birajdar is the first recipient of Dhyan Chand Award.  23. Mahesh Bhupathi is the first Indian to win a Grand Slam title.24. In Bangladesh first ICC Champion Trophy held. 25. Bachendri Pal was the first Indian woman to scale the Mount Everest.26. Prakash Padukone is the first Indian to win the all England badminton championship.27. Mihir Sen is the first Indian to swim across the English Channel.28. Pierre De Coubertin is said to be the father of Modern olympic games.29. England is the first team to win women's cricket World Cup. 30. Uruguay is the first team to win the FIFA World Cup.31. Japan was first Asian country to host  Olympics.32. Kuala Lumpur is headquarters of Badminton World Federation.33. Methew Webb is the first person to across the English Channel.34. Bula Chaudhary is the first woman in the world to swim the seven seas.35. Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi  was the youngest Indian to captain its test cricket team.36. LausAnne, Switzerland is the headquarters of International boxing Association. 37. India hosted the first Asian games.38. The first Common wealth games hosted by Canada.39. Salim Durrani is the first cricket player to be awarded the Arjuna Award.40. Ashish Kumar is the first Indian gymnast to win a medal at the Commonwealth games.41. Jack Nicklaus is the only golfer to win the masters tournament six times. 42. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award is the highest sporting award in India.43. The first modern Olympic games were held in  Athen Greece. 44. The birthplace of weekend is England.45. First commonwealth games were held in 1930. 46. The first one day cricket match played on 5 January 1971.47. Sachin Tendulkar make his first debut at 15 November 1989. 48. Volleyball is the national sport of Sri Lanka.49. Cricket is the national game of England.50. Usain Bolt is from Jamaica.51. Tour de France associated with the cycling game.52. First football world cup was held in the year 1930.53. First men's cricket world cup was held in 1975. 54. First  Ancient olympic games were held in the year 776 BC.55. Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Stadium located in Goa.56. First Hockey world cup was held in the year 1971. 57. First South Asian games were held in the year 1984. 58. Seven players play in Water polo in each team. 59. Olympic museum is located in Switzerland. 60. Six players play Volleyball in each team. 61. Eleven players play football in each team. 62. Lalbahadur stadium is located in Hyderabad. 63. Archery game  is the national game of Bhutan. 64. National sports day of India is celebrated on 29 August. 65. Pankaj Advani is related to Billiards sport.66. Pigeon is the nick name of cricketer Glen McGrath.67. Eleven players play hockey in each team.68. Asian games started in the year 1951.69. In the year 1948 independent India received the first olympic team medal.70. Sumo is the national game of Japan.71. Popping release is related to cricket.72. PV Sindhu is associated with Badminton.73. Regatta is associated with Rowing sports event.74. Rovers Cup  is associated with Football sport.75. Ryder Cup is related to Golf.76. Shiny Wilson is associated with Athletics.77. Shiva Thapa is associated with Boxing.78. Prakash Padukone is associated with badminton.79. The term Grand Slam is associated with tennis sport.80. Winter Olympic games started in the year 1924.81. Thomas Cup is associated with badminton.82. Olympic flame made its first appearance in The year 1928 in Amsterdam Olympic games.83. Babita Kumari is related to wrestling.84. Dronacharya award is given to coaches.85. Irani Trophy is related to cricket.86. The Indian football team made its first appearance at Olympics in 1948.87. The term 'Tee' is connected with Golf.88. Christiana Ronaldo is related with Football Sport.89. Deepika Kumari is related to Archery.90. Dronacharya Award was introduced in the year 1985.91. Durand Cup is associated with football.92. Gambit is the term associated with Chess.93. Nine players there are on each side in a baseball match.94. Davis cup is related to Lawn Tennis.95. There are 64 Squares in a Chessboard.96. Double fault is associated with Tennis Sport.97. South Africa was re-admitted to the Olympics after 21 years suspension.98. "Playing it my way" is the autobiography of Sachin Tendulkar. It was launched on 15 November 2014 in the city Mumbai.99. Australian cricket team is called "kangaroos" and also known by Baggy green, Invincible.100. 'Pele' Football player is known as 'Black Pearl'. He is from Brazil.. { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2021/04/general-knowledge-of-sports.html?m=1" }, "headline": "General knowledge of sports", "description": "1. P V Sindhu is the first Indian to win Badminton world Championships Gold. 2. Vishwanathan Anand is the first Indian to win the Chess Championships. 3. Aarti Saha is the first Indian woman to swim across the Indian channel.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2021-04-11", "dateModified": "2021-04-12" }
    General knowledge of coronavirus 2020  Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    General knowledge of coronavirus 2020 #
     Essay on coronavirusGeneral knowledge of coronavirus 2020 1. Covid-19 is the name given to the disease caused by Corona virus.2. 'WHO' has declared covid-19 an epidemic.3. Rajasthan state became the first state to lockdown due to coronavirus.4. Covid-19 affects the lungs of human body.5. RT-PCR is the name of the test of coronavirus (covid-19). 6. Full form of COVID-19 :CO- CoronaVI- VirusD- Disease19- 20197. India has announced in SAARC Covid-19 emergency fund - $ 10 million. 8. Indian government launches  Aarogya Setu app for covid-19 tracker app.9. Google has launched a new website google.com/covid-19  to make you aware of coronavirus.10. Coronavirus is related to SARS and MERS disease.11. Coronavirus first identified in 1960.12. The name coronavirus originated in Latin language.13. Hydroxichloroquine medicine has India exported to America.14. United States of America has highest coronavirus cases in the world. 15. Maharashtra state has the highest coronavirus cases in india. 16. Coronavirus outbreak was originated in Hubei province of China.17. Fever, cough, shortness of breath are symptoms of Nobel coronavirus.18. SARS virus was spread in 2002 in China. 19. Section 2 of the epidemic diseases act empowers State government, UTs to take special measures and formulate regulations to contain any outbreak.20. SARS  is stand for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome.21. Coronavirus is a kind of common virus that causes an infection in nose, sinuses and upper throat. 22. MERS was first spread over in Saudi Arabia. MERS is stand for 'Middle East Respiratory Syndrome'. 23. Coronavirus are zoonotic, it means - They're transmitted between -animals and plants- human and plants- animals and people- animals and birds.24. World Health organisation (WHO) recognised Novel coronavirus as a pandemic at 11 March 2020.25. India's first coronavirus death occurred in Karnataka state.26. The first death due to coronavirus in USA was reported in Washington.27. There are seven types of coronavirus: 1. HCoV- 229E2.HCoV- NL633. HCoV- OC434. HCoV- HKU15.SARS6. MERS7. SARS-228. Social distancing can help to prevent coronavirus. 29. Newyork state of America has been the highest number of coronavirus cases.30. Quarantine yourself  can help to reduce Coronavirus. 31. The recovery time of the coronavirus disease is 2-6 weeks. 32. CSIR-NAL has developed BiPAP Non Invasive ventilator named Swasth Vayu for Covid-19.33. The national institute of virology has achieved success in developing the nations first indigenous covid-19 antibody test kit ELICA.34. Reliance opened a hospital dedicated to covid-19 in Mumbai.35. Tokyo Olympics has been cancelled for 1 year because of covid-19. 36. IMF declared that whole world has entered into Economic recession because of covid-19. 37. Indian Army started operation 'Namaste' in order to tackle with covid-19.38. Abott laboratories have launched 5 minutes testing kit for coronavirus belongs to America. 39. Nagaland state chief minister launched 'self declaration' covid-19 app.40. Corona Kavach app is launched by indian government in order to track the location of corona infected people. 41. 3 months has been granted by RBI on debt's EMI. 42. China is affected by HANTA virus. 43. In America maximum people die due to covid-19.44. On 22 March 2020 Janta curfew was imposed in India.45. Uttar Pradesh State government has formed 'Team -11' in order to tackle covid-19.46. Princess Maria Teresa died due to coronavirus belongs to Spain. 47. SBI Bank has started covid-19 emergency credit line for its customers. 48. India's biggest hospital for treatment of coronavirus will be construed in Odisha.49. Goa became India's first state to launch 'Self Assessment tool' in order to treat covid-19 patients. 50. Hydroxichloroquine medicine's export was restricted because of coronavirus.  { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2021/04/general-knowledge-of-coronavirus-2020.html?m=1" }, "headline": "General knowledge of coronavirus 2020", "description": "1. Covid-19 is the name given to the disease caused by Corona virus. 2. 'WHO' has declared covid-19 an epidemic. 3. Rajasthan state became the first state to lockdown due to coronavirus.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2021-04-08", "dateModified": "2021-04-09" }
    April 2021 current affairs#
    Current affairs of March 2021April 2021 current affairsUpdated on 12 April 2021• A Sanskrit learning app "Little Guru" will be launched in Bangladesh  by the Indira Gandhi Cultural Centre of the High Commission of India. • Hideki Matsuyama has become the first from Japan to win the 2021 "Agusta Masters".• International day of Human Space Flight is observed on 12th April.• United Arab Emirates (UAE) named the next two astronauts in its Space program, including the country's first female astronaut named Naura-al-Matroushi.• Election Commission Sushil Chandra will  become the  24th chief election commissioner of India.• Actor Sonu Sood has been made the brand ambassador for punjabs anti-coronavirus vaccination program.• Punjab state government has launched mega self employment loan Mela as part of his government's Flagship "Ghar Ghar Rojgar and Karobar mission".• India's first post office Passport Seva Kendra Run by and all women team has started Operation in Phagwara, Punjab.• Ministery of Civil Aviation has finalized an air bubble agreement with Sri Lanka.• Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank has launched NanoSaniffer the world's first micro sensor based Explosive trace detector.• 14th edition of Indian premier league has been started from M A Chidambaram Stadium Chennai. • Indian Council for cultural relations has celebrated its 71st foundation Day on 9 April.• Actor Divya Dutta authored a book "Me and Ma".• India has contributed an additional $ 500,000 United Nations trust fund for counter terrorism.• Dr. Harsh Vardhan Union Health and Family welfare minister approved the "National Policy for Rare diseases 2021". A provision for financial support up to 20 lakh rupees under the umbrella scheme of Rashtriya arogya Nidhi is proposed for treatment.• Dutee Chand will receive Chhattisgarh Veerani award. she is from Odisha.• Prime Minister Narendra Modi will release the hindi translation of the book "Odisha Itihas" written by 'Utkal Keshari' Dr. Harekrishna Mehtaab. It has been translated into Hindi by 'Shankarlal Purohit'. • Reserve Bank of India has hiked the maximum deposit  limit for payment banks to Rs. 2 lakh from Rs. 1 Lakh.• Current Cash Reserve Ratio is 3.5%. • Nethra Kumanan became first Indian woman sailor to qualify for the Olympics.• FIFA suspended the National football Federation of Pakistan and Chad.• S Raman has been appointed as chairman and managing director of Small Industries Development Bank of India. • Chinese smartphone major Vivo has appointed Virat Kohli as its brand ambassador. • Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chauhan has launched a massive public awareness campaign ' main corona volunteer hun'.• North Korea will not participate in the Tokyo Olympics this year to protect its athletes amid the coronavirus pandemic.• A U small finance Bank has launched a platinum family program.MD and CEO- Sanjay AgarwalTagline- chalo aage badeHeadquarters- Jaipur, Rajasthan• India has hosted a meeting of BRICS finance ministers and Central Bank governors virtually.• Ajay Seth has been appointed as the new Economic Affairs Secretary. He will Replace Tarun Bajaj and he will be the new revenue secretary.• Rajasthan has become the first state in the country where the state government is providing free Health Insurance facility to all the citizens of the state. • Malika Shrinivasan has been appointed as the new Mission Director for Attal Innovation  Mission (AIM) a flagship initiative of the  Government of India under the auspices of NITI Ayog.• Pham Minh Chin is the Prime Minister of Vietnam.• Shabir H S Khandwawala is the new chief of BCCI's anti corruption unit.• World Health Day is observed on 7th April. 'WHO' established at 7th April 1948. Its headquarters at Geneva Switzerland.• A book 'Eden: An Indian retelling of Jewish Christian and Islamic Lore' is authored by Devdutt Pattanaik. •International day of sport for development and peace is observed on 6 April.• B P Kanungo is the name of RBI Deputy Governor who has been retired after completing 1 year extention.• Former World Champion Mirabai Chanu will lead the Indian challenge in Women's 49 kg category at the Upcoming Asian weight lifting Championships to be held at Tashkent in Uzbekistan from April 16 to 25.• Digvijaysinh Zala the former union  environment minister and MLA from Gujarat's Wankaner, he has passed away.• In Badminton world champion Parmod Bhagat clinch 2 Gold Medals as India finished their campaign in the  3rd Sheikh Hamdan bin Al Maktoum Dubai Para- Badminton  International 2021 in Dubai with 20 medals.• National Maritime day is observed on 5 April. • Under the stand up India scheme Rs. 25,586 Crore loan has been sanctioned in 5 years.• First military farm was raised on 1 February 1989 at Allahabad. • The government extended the last date for linking the Aadhar number with Pan up to 30 June 2021.• SBI Bank has raised $ 1 billion from Japan Bank for international Cooperation to extend loans two supply chain of Japanese automobile industry in India. • RBI in consultation with the government has decided that the limit for the Ways and Means advances will be at Rs. 1.20 Lakh Crore for April- September 2021- 22.• With Mauritius comprehensive cooperation and partnerships agreement come into force.• CSIR's Bengaluru based research lab national aerospace laboratories rolled out a two seater trainer aircraft that is developed by it and it's name is HANSA- NG. • Axis Bank will sell its UK subsidiary. • Odisha day and Utkala Divas is celebrated on 1st April. • World Bank has raised its Gross Domestic Product growth rate forcast of india for the Financial year 2021-22 at 10.1%.• Mansukh Mandvia has flagged off the cruise service from Hajira Port of Surat to Diu. • India has slipped 28 places to rank 140th among 156 countries in the world economic forums Global gender gap report 2021 becoming the third worst performer in South Asia. • Rajnikanth bestowed the governments highest honours for Indian cinema, the Dada Saheb Phalke award.• Multinational military exercise SHANTIR OGROSHENA  2021 (front runner of the peace) will be held at Bangladesh to commemorate the birth centenary of Bangladesh 'father of the nation' Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and mark glorious of 50 years of liberation.- The theme of the exercise is is 'peace keeping operation'.- Military observers from UK, USA, Turkey, kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Singapore will also be in attendance throughout the exercise.- Indian Army to participate in multinational exercise in Bangladesh.• Mukhmeet S Bhatia took over the charge of director general of 'Employees State Insurance Corporation' (ESIC) under ministary of labour and employment. - ESIC founded at 24 February 1952 and its Headquarters at New Delhi• Central Government has constituted expert committees to review the existing rules and regulations on safety, health and working condition standards pertaining to factories Docks and construction work. The chairman of committee is R K Elangovan.• National payment Corporation of India announced the formation of its wholly owned subsidiary firm NPCI Bharat Bill pay ltd.• Digital financial service platform Paytm  announced that its wholly owned subsidiary  Paytm money has opened Technology Development Centre at Pune. • World Autism Awareness day is observed on 2 April.• At Rs. 1.23 lakh crore the goods and services tax collection in March was the highest ever since the GST regime was introduced in July 2017. • Recently Iceland countries volcano has erupted after 900 years. • Russia has the first coronavirus vaccine for animals been registered. - The world's first animal vaccine against Coronavirus has been named 'COrnivac-cov'. { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2021/04/april-2021-current-affairs.html?m=1" }, "headline": "April 2021 current affairs", "description": "Prime Minister Narendra Modi will release the hindi translation of the book "Odisha Itihas" written by 'Utkal Keshari' Dr. Harekrishna Mehtaab. It has been translated into Hindi by 'Shankarlal Purohit'.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2021-04-06", "dateModified": "2021-04-09" }
    Essay on mobile phone, Its importance, advantages and disadvantages Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    Essay on mobile phone, Its importance, advantages and disadvantages#
     Write an essay on Mobile PhoneIntroductionIn this changing era, mobile is basic need for everyone. For everything we are depending on mobile for example if we have to learn something we always use mobile. Contacts and call another peoples is basic function of mobile but now functions of mobiles and features daily updating and also being advanced. We use mobile if we have to entertain ourself. Features of mobile as similar as computers. Several technical work we can do on mobile instead use of computer or desktop. Artificial intelligence take to the technology at highest peak. By this advanced technology we can find everything on the mobile which is running through internet. Invention of mobile phoneBehind the invention of mobile phone, the history is broad. Many engineers invented the different features of mobile. The first mobile phone is invented by Martin Cooper in April 1973 and he is from Chicago, USA. He is called the father of cell phones. Dr. Martin Cooper was general manager at Motorola communication system division. He made the first public mobile phone call on a device that weigh 1.1 kg. Different models of mobile phonesFrom past time to present there are many types of models of mobile phones. Which are changing the design time to time. Modern techniques changes its look general mobile to smartphone. Importance of mobile phoneMobile phone is most important in our life. Thousands of features in the mobile phone, which can do every task easier for us. Many types of works can do a mobile which also done by computers. Its dominant feature is that we can take mobile at every place. Before few years,  mobile phones were not common and the cost of calls expensive. But at present mobile phones are common and of course cost of mobiles decreases and it's being every one's choice. Advanced features of smartphones attract young generation too much. They always find advanced features like 3D games, MP3 downloads, advanced camera features , new ringtones, hello tune, video recording and excited wallpapers etc. Importance of mobile phones increasing everyday. Now online education is in Trend. Mostly people prefers to learn online due to coronavirus pandemic. Students can find learning material on every topic on mobile which is providing by websites and learning apps. Many YouTube channels providing  live online learning classes. Which students want to crack competitive exams they mostly prefers to learn online instead of going outside at an institutes because attending online learning classes have free without paying any fees. It is very beneficial for those students who cannot go to any institutes for attend learning classes. Advantages of mobile phonesMobile phone have several advantages but communication is one of the most important advantage. Communication to one person to another and at any place,  is the first job of mobile phone. Mobile phone is very small to carry. we can keep it at any place while traveling, driving and going anywhere. Text messages a great way to send any message on emails, through WhatsApp. Mobile phone is a very good source of entertainment we can find many types of videos according to our interests. Trending news, fashion, current and world affairs, world Economy, progresses of another countries all types of reports providing on mobile internet. Mobile phones have many functions like alarm clock, calendar,  calculator, flashlight and torch, notes and reminder, maps and navigation,  online banking and Finance which makes our life easier to maintain different fields.DisadvantagesMobilePhone has biggest disadvantage is that it can transparent our privacy and security. Cyber criminals and hackers can leak our data. They can put harm on our personal information and data. Its major disadvantages is on children. They can misuse of mobile internet. Playing games and uses of social media mostly waste of time. They take it as terrible habbit and watching videos, pictures, playing games.  There are so many types of games to which getting children addicted. Full day mobile activities can made them lazy and irregular in studies which can push them back from the way of progress and also make darken their future.            Mobile phone has take most important place in our life. It gives us many of advantages and disadvantages too. If we take it positively then we can achieve many advantages. It is in our hand that what we want to get positive things or negative.  { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2021/04/essay-on-mobile-phone-its-importance.html?m=1" }, "headline": "Essay on mobile phone, Its importance, advantages and disadvantages", "description": "Introduction In this changing era, mobile is basic need for everyone. For everything we are depending on mobile for example if we have to learn something we always use mobile. Contacts and call another peoples is basic function of mobile but now functions of mobiles and features daily updating and also being advanced. We use mobile if we have to entertain ourself.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2021-04-04", "dateModified": "2021-04-04" }
    Essay on online education, its importance and impacts Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    Essay on online education, its importance and impacts#
     Essay on online education                                 About online educationNowadays every person knows that what is 'online education'. In this century a coronavirus pandemic pushed the education to online mode. Online education providing through mobile phone on Internet is called 'online education'. During pandemic when Schools were closed then online education only the way to be study continued. Several learning apps, YouTube channels and websites providing study materials. We can find out several types of courses on Internet. From little kids to Universities level of study providing us by Internet. There are many advantages of online study but some disadvantages too. Importance of online educationImportance of online education is increasing with the time. Little children also using mobile phone to continued online study. Now its need of every individual. People becomes aware about advantages of Internet and uses of it. During pandemic time, online education was only the source of education for children and teachers. Through mobile apps teachers meet with their students And they can interact with students at staying home.  Mobile apps providing many facilities of teaching and learning at home eg. Video conferencing calls, learning classes for every subjects, and test question papers. On mobile apps children get their homework,  test question papers and another activities. It was very beneficial online study at pandemic period when lockdown is on high peak. Teachers and students co-operate with each others and achieves the target. College students attend there online classes for their competitive types exams which is preparing for achieve their jobs. Impacts of online education1. Uses of internet spreads rapidlyIn the existing of online education uses of internet spreads rapidly. Rich to poor people using the internet. Which people can't afford mobile and Internet they also using it due to helplessness or compulsion because during the pandemic period it was only the source of continuous study.2. Development of mobile appsMobile apps developing in fast speed at this time because it's everyone's need to be continuing working and learning. Mobile apps made very easy to find learning classes on mobile. Students can attend lectures with their favourite lecturers, with whom they can easily understand. 3. Selling of mobile phonesTo fulfill their own needs people purchased mobile phones for the children. It is increased the selling rate of mobile phones from few years ago. Every person needs mobile to learning. 4. Reduce work load of teachers and studentsThrough mobiles , reduces the amount of work of teachers and students. Instead of hand written notes teachers prepared PDF files and providing its to their students and students also not need to collect written notes. PDF files provides all written data by mobile phones. It is made easy learning teaching process. 5. Learning programs on television and radioMany TV channels have started learning classes on the television. Which students can't afford mobiles and internet, they can learn on television easily. Government of India now going to start a learning program on radio which will be helpful for backward region areas people. 6. Increasing learning classes on YouTube channelThe consistency of learning classes on YouTube channel is growing fast. Teachers and educators providing learning classes on many subjects. Lectures on several subjects providing here. 8. Financial benefitsIt is very beneficial for teachers who provide learning classes on internet through mobile apps and YouTube channels. They are making money directly through mobile apps and YouTube Channels. Google provide the platform from which people can perform well in their fields. It can be learning, teaching, cooking, dancing and acting etc. 9. ExpensiveOnline education is very expensive to afford it. Poor people cannot afford mobile phones and internet. It is very difficult and struggling for them to learning online. To fulfill their needs some people sell their household things to provide quality study for their children. They faced very difficulties during pandemic and lockdown situations.10. DisadvantagesIf there are lots of advantages of online education there are some disadvantages too. It is expensive. It makes children some lazy. Children can be habitual for mobile phone and getting lazy to study at home. Children can do misuse of mobile phones and internet. It is necessary that children activities on internet, parents should be always watch over. So they can guide them to do good or bad things.  { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2021/03/essay-online-education-its-importance.html?m=1" }, "headline": "Essay - online education, its importance and impacts", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "Ritusacademy", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2021-03-25", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    Latest current affairs of March 2021 for all compititive exams Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    Latest current affairs of March 2021 for all compititive exams#
     Latest current affairs of March 2021Updated 31 March 2021• Nagaland has launched " I- Learn" a capacity building and performance tracking app for Community Health Officers. • International Transgender day of visibility is observed on 31st March. • Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs Nirmala Sitharaman attended the 6th annual meeting of the board of the governors of Development bank. • India will participate in the France- Led Naval drill "La Perouse" for the first time in the way of Bengal. Australia, Japan and USA will also participate in La Perouse.• Noted Marathi writer Dr. SharanKumar Limbale will receive Saraswati Samman 2020 for his book Sanatan. • A book "1232 km: A Long Journey Home" is authored by Vinod Kapri. • Mahinder Giri is the name of the only ranger from Asia who has won the Prestigious International Ranger award for his contribution towards conservation. • Virat Kohli has become the third captain to lead India in 200 International matches. • World's First Ship Tunnel is being made  in Norway. • Laszlo Lovasz and Avi Wigderson both has been awarded  'Abel Prize' for 2021. • Anish Saha will take over as the Managing Director and CEO of Mahindra and Mahindra. • Lewis Hamilton has won the 2021 Bahrain Grand Prix title.• Uttar Pradesh state government has approved affordable Rental housing and complexes scheme for urban migrants/ poor labourers. • Sassou Nguesso is the name of president of  republic of Congo. •  'Girl Gang' a track by  singer Gin Wigmore, has been announced as the official song of the 2022 ICC women's World Cup and she is from Newzealand. • Ministery of AYUSH has set up an interdisciplinary team of experts to explore the potential of Yoga as a productivity  enhancing tool for the population. • Yogasan sport for both male and female categories have been included in khelo India Youth Games, 2021. • Sanjeev Kumar has been appointed as the chairman of Airports Authority of India. • Vivek Murthy is the name of Indian- American  Physician Who has been confirmed by the Senate as President Joe Biden's Sergeon General. • The Governments has extended the term of Principal Scientific advisor K. VijayRaghvan by a year. • NV Ramana will be the 48th Chief Justice of India.•  Indian coast guard ship 'Vajra' was commissioned by General Bipin Rawat, chief of Defence staff at kattu palli in Chennai.• International day for the Eliminating Racial Discrimination is observed on 21 March and it's theme is " Youth Standing  Up against Racism". • Well known Hindi writer Professor Sharad Pagare will be conferred with the prestigious Vyas Samman  2020 for his novel " Patilputra ki samragi".• ESAF Small Finance Bank has been awarded the "Great Place to Work" certification by the Great Place to Work Institute. • "The clock is ticking" theme of World Tuberculosis (TB) day. It is observed on 24 March. • Vice President M Venkaya has released the book "Bringing Government and People Closer". It is authored by M Ramachandran. • World Meteorological day is observed on 23 March and it's theme is " The Ocean, Our Climate and Weather".• China has the strongest military forces in the world while India stands at number four. According to a study  released by defence website military direct USA is on second place.• Nozomi Okuhara won the all England women's title by defeating Thailand's Pornpawee Chochuwong. She's from Japan.• Lee Zii Jia has won the all England men's title by defeating Denmark's  Viktor Axleson. He is from Malaysia.• Ganemat Sekhon has won a Skeet medal in the shooting world cup at the Dr. karni Singh Range, Tughlakabad. It was the first ever world cup medal for India in women's Skeet. • Successfull test fired a new version of the  surface to surface Nuclear- capable ballistic missile (Stand off Anti-Tank) "Shaurya"  at the Balasore, off the coast of Odisha.• SCO announced to conduct 'pubbi Anti terror 2021' exercise.- SCO stands for Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.- 'Pubbi Anti-Terror 2021' will be a joint anti terrorism exercise.- India Pakistan and China will be participat in this exercise. Vladimir Norov is the secretary general.• Odisha state government launching the radio pathshala program For students upto class 8.- state government has launched a slum upgradation programme  to make the state slum free in 3 years.• Italy recently joined the International solar alliance.• Recently the home government introduced the 'Delhi national capital territory governance bill 2021' in the lok sabha for amendment in ' Delhi national capital territory government act 1991'.- According to the bill government in Delhi shall mean the 'lieutenant Governor'.- This is to say government in any law made by the legislative assembly shall mean the 'lieutenant Governor'.- According to this bill the permission of lieutenant governor will be required before any decision taken by the Delhi cabinet will be implemented.- According to this bill, the Delhi legislative assembly will not Make any rules regarding the matters of daily Administration of the capital region or in regard to administrative decision.• 22 March Observed as World Water Day. Its theme is "Valuing Water".• comptroller and auditor General of India Girish Chandra Murmu has been re-appointed as the chairman of the panel of external auditors of the United Nations for the year 2021. • France launched its first military exercise in space to evaluate its ability to defend its satellites and other defence equipments from an attack. • Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Aditya yoginath has inaugurated Racin Dam and ChilliMal Dam. • Actress Deepika Padukone has join the list of young Global leaders compiled by the world economic forum.- forum of young leaders was Founded in 2000 by Klaus schwab, founder and executive of the world economic forum.- Deepika Padukone is founder of 'Live Love laugh' foundation.• The government has approved the appointment of G P Samanta as Chief Statistician of India cum- secretary ministry of statistics and programme implementation initially for a period of two years. • Union minister Anurag Thakur became the first serving MP to be appointed as captain in the Territorial Army. • Axis Bank has launched the country's first Contactless wearable payment device " Wear N Pay". • RBI has removed prompt corrective action restrictions on IDBI Bank. • International day of Forest is observed on 21 March. • Union Cabinet has approved the Pradhanmantri Swasthya Surksha Nidhi. •Indian Navy conducted third scorpene- conventional diesel electric submarine, INS Karanj into service. It is a part of six submarine being built under project 75 By majhagaon dock limited.• The India and Uzbekistan joint military exercise " DUSTLIK II" commenced in Foreign training node Chaubatia  Ranikhet, Uttarakhand.- This is the second edition of annual bilateral joint exercise of both armies.- The first edition of the exercise was held at Uzbekistan in November 2019.• Chess player koneru humpy from Andhra Pradesh has won the BBC Indian sports women of the year award for 2020.• Google has announced a new commitment to support 1 million rural women entrepreneurs in India as part of its "Women Will" program. • Karnataka Vikas Gramin Bank has launched the "Vikas Asha" loan scheme for women. • Jammu and Kashmir government has  announced the launch of super 75 scholarship scheme to support the education of meritorious girls belonging to poor families.- another scheme named Tejaswini under mission youth has been also announced to to provide financial assistance of Rs. 5 lakh to the girls to start business.• Indian oil Corporation limited and Odisha industrial infrastructure development Corporation signed an agreement to develop Paradip Plastic Park. • India will play their inaugural world test championship final against New Zealand at Southampton's Ageas Bowl Stadium from June 18-22. • England's Tammy Beaumont has adjudged the women's player of the month.• Ravichandran Ashwin was today name the ICC men's player for the month of February.• Ujjivan small finance bank has announce the launch of a "women's saving account" named Garima savings account which offers a maximum of 7% rate of interest. { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2021/03/latest-current-affairs-of-march-2021.html?m=1" }, "headline": "Latest current affairs of March 2021 for all compititive exams", "description": "Ministery of AYUSH has set up an interdisciplinary team of experts to explore the potential of Yoga as a productivity enhancing tool for the population.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2021-03-22", "dateModified": "2021-03-27" }
    Current affairs of March 5 to 10 for all competitive exams Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    Current affairs of March 5 to 10 for all competitive exams#
     Current affairs of March 5 to 10 for all competitive exams1. V K Saraswat has inaugurated state of art center for Drone Research at Indian Institute of Technology ( IIT) Roorkee.2." Hearing care for all" is the theme of world hearing day. It is observed on 3rd March. 3. Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank announced opening of two new Kendriya vidyalaya in the state of Karnataka and Punjab. 4. The governor of Tripura, Ramesh Bias has inaugurated the Udaipur Science Center at Udaipur, Tripura. 5. Manpreet Vohra has been appointed as India's next high commissioner to Australia. 6. Care rating has announced the appointment of Sachin Gupta as its chief rating officer. 7. Kotak Mahindra Bank has announced a memorandum of understanding with the Indian Army for salary account. 8. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has hold a virtual summit with Stephen Lofven. He is the prime minister of Sweden. 9. United Nation General Assembly has adopted India's resolution to declare 2023 as International year of Millets. 10. Hardeep Singh Puri Minister of state housing and urban affairs announced the release of the final ranking of Ease of living index 2020. Bengaluru city has topped in the million plus category and Shimla city has  topped in the less then million category. 11. India has attracted total FDI inflow of  $ 65.54 billion during April to December 2020. It is highest ever for the first ninth month of a financial year and 22% higher as a compared to the first month of 2019-20. ( $ 55.14 )12.  "A combined Commanders" conference has been started at Kevadia  Gujrat state. 13. The government has set up a high level National committee headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to commemorate 75 years of India's independence. 14. 30th Bihari puraskar  for 2020 will be given to Mohan Krishna bohara for his Hindi book titled Taslima:  Sangharsh aur sahitya. 15. Education minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank has inaugurated the Delhi World Book fair 2021 virtual edition. 16. Indian Shuttlers Varun Kapoor and Malvika Bansod have won the men's and women's singles titles respectively at the  2021 Uganda International in Kampala. 17. India has inked pact with Phillipines for sale of 'Defence equipment'. 18. Drug major Glenmark Pharma has signed Rohit Sharma as brand ambassador for its product candid powder. 19. With ICICI Bank, PNB Housing Finance tied up for a strategic co- lending service that will facilitate retail home loan at compititive rate. 20. United Nations environment programme release the food waste index report 2021. This report estimates that around 931 million Tonnes of food waste was generated in 2019. 21. Indian wrestler Vinesh Phogat won gold medal Matteo Pellicone ranking series event in Rome.22. Indian boxer Manish Kaushik has won the gold medal in the 63 kg  category by defeating Nikolai Terteryan in the 35th  Boxam International Tournament in the Castellon, Spain.          -   India has finished with 10 Medals including one Gold in Boxam International the first edition of Boxam  Tournament was held in Almeria in 1976. 23. In badminton, Rio Olympics gold medalist carolina marin of spain defeated olympic silver medalist P V Sindhu in the women' s singles final of the swiss open at Basel.24. Denmark's Viktor Axelsen has won the men's singles title of swiss open by defeating Thailand's Kunlavut Vitidsarn.25. International women's day is observed on 8 March. Its theme is ''women in leadership: achieving an equal future in a covid-19 world. 26. Prime Minister Narender Modi has dedicated to the nation the 7500 Jan Aushadhi kendra at north eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Science in Shilong and its aim to provide quality medicines at an affordable price. - From 86 centers in 2014 the number of stores under the scheme has grown to 7500, covering all districts of country. -Government will increase the number of Jan Aushadhi stores to ten thousand by 2024. - To create more awareness about ''Jan Aushadhi'' an entire week from 1st to 7th March was celebrated as ''Jan Aushadhi  Week'' across the nation. -Its theme is -''Jan Aushadhi, Seva bhi Rojgar bhi''- The last day of the week 7th march has been celebrated as ''Jan Aushadhi Diwas''.27. Aanya Goyal a 13 years old Indian Origin school girl has become the youngest to be selected for the Britain Team which will compete at the Prestigious European Girls, Mathematical Olympiad to hosted by Gorgia. 28. Board of Control for cricket in India announce the schedule for The 14th edition of Indian premier league 2021 to be held in India.- Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata hosting the event. 29. Well noun Kannada poet, critic and translator and N S Lakshmi Narayana Bhatta has passed away recently he was  85 Years old. 30. National payment Corporation of India and SBI payments have Partnered to launch " RuPay SoftPoS"  for Indian merchants. 31. Reliance foundation chairperson Neeta Mukesh Ambani has launched a social media platform "Her circle" aimed at empowering women. 32. In wrestling World championship bronze medalist Bajrang Punia has won a gold medal By defeating Tulga Tumur Ochir of Mongolia in the Matteo Pallicone  world ranking series event in Rome. 33. Minister of state for external affairs V Murlidharan unveiled two of the passport sewa kendra PSKs to be transformed as All women PSKs. - One PSK is at RK Puram Bikhaji Cama place in new Delhi and another at Tripunithura Cochin, Kerala. 34. Prime minister Narendra Modi has chaired the first meeting of the National Committee to commemorate 75 years of independence as the 'Azadi ka Mahotsav'. 35. HDFC Bank has announced the launch of 'Smartup Unnati' a dedicated program for mentoring women entrepreneurs  by women leaders at the bank. 36. Veteran Indian athlete Ishar Singh Deol has passed away recently, he achieved the Dhyan Chand National Sports award.  He was 91 years old. 37. Former Rajasthan Governor Anshuman Singh has passed away. He was 86 years old. 38. Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs notified that e- invoicing will be mandatory for business to business transactions for taxpayers having turnover of over Rs. 50 Crore from April 1, 2021. 39. Minister of state for Culture Prahlad Singh Patel inaugurated the " All women's Art Exibition tittled ' Akshay Patra' at Rabindra Bhavan Galleries of Lalit Kala Academy, India's National Academy of Art. 40. Commerce and industry minister Piyush Goyal announced project Development cell for Biotechnology.  { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2021/03/current-affairs-of-march-5-to-10-for.html?m=1" }, "headline": "Current affairs of March 5 to 10 for all competitive exams", "description": "V K Saraswat has inaugurated state of art center for Drone Research at Indian Institute of Technology ( IIT) Roorkee. 2." Hearing care for all" is the theme of world hearing day. It is observed on 3rd March.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2021-03-20", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    Essay on corona virus (covid-19) Lockdown and global impact  Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    Essay on corona virus (covid-19) Lockdown and global impact #
     Essay on carona virus (COVID-19)IntroductionCorona virus  named pandemic is a huge disaster in the world which takes millions lives from last year to present time. People lost their families, children and parents. WHO declared that covid-19 is a Global Pandemic and Governments of all countries have decided to lockdown in their countries. Nobody can go out from their livelihoods. In all countries Schools have closed and then children saw new phase of study which is called "online study". Covid-19 has put million impacts on human life- World economy goes down, occupations stopped, study breaks, and people lost their lives. About pandemic corona virusCorona virus disease (covid-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered corona virus. Most of people infected with the covid-19 virus will experienced mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people have faced the problems like chronic respiratory disease and cardiovascular disease . Its general symptoms are fever, dry cough, tiredness, aches and pains. But serious symptoms are difficulty breathing or shortness of breathing, chest pain and lost of speech or movement. On average it takes 5-6 days from when someone is infected with the virus for symptoms to show however it takes 14 days to show. The covid-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes so it's important that always wear mask or coughing into a flexed  elbow. The best way to protect yourself and others from infection by washing hands or using alcohol based hand rub and don't touching your face. This method can prevent and slowdown transmission  is to be well informed about the covid-19 virus, the causes of disease and how it spreads. Lockdown as a protectionLockdown is defined as an emergency protocol that is implemented by the government to prevent people from leaving their homes and particular area. During lockdown people are not allowed to travel or go outside their houses like before. In these circumstances one cannot go out to work or cannot go out to malls and cinemas for leisure activities. A lockdown means that people need to stay inside and safe. Essential services like medication, banks, groceries are only allowed to function in this crucial time. Importance of lockdownAccording to experts- India started the lockdown very early which was smart decision and also being beneficial for people. During the global pandemic to break the chain of corona virus, Prime Minister of India announced the lockdown on 24 March 2020.  PM Narendra Modi addressed the nation to the break of corona virus outbreak. Corona virus rapidly spreads first in another countries like Italy, USA, United Kingdom, Australia. But these countries waiting too long for the lockdown and made a mess-up. It was very essential to lockdown for break the chain of corona virus because it's infectious disease. Advantages of lockdownThere are several benefits of lockdown during pandemic because that is only the way to control infection which is spreading rapidly. Stay at home is most important especially for sick and elderly. Social distance, sanitise of hands, stay at home and mask wearing are most important steps to contol the infection because at the rising time of corona virus there is not vaccination in exist. But at present time India discovered the vaccine for covid-19 and people are recovering from infection of the corona virus. Global impact of corona virusWorld Economy effected:-Corona virus and lockdown puts big impact on world economy. According to international monetary fund the global economy fall down over 3 percent in 2020. The meaning of lockdown was shutting down businesses, confining billions of people to their homes and stop all economic activities. Rising of unemployment:-Due to corona virus there is rising unemployment in the whole world. Several small businesses break down during lockdown and people got unemployed. Small level of street food stall, vendors, auto rickshaw like small transport had stopped. These are caused of rising of unemployment. Expansion of DigitalizationIt is saying not wrong that digital world already in exist but due to corona virus it is speed up the Digitalization. People preferred to work from home. They selling the products online. The growth of Online marketing  increasing day by day. Progress in online educationNowadays mostly students doing their study online because schools are closed. But it is harmful for children because they hold mobile phone for many hours. It can put bad impact on eyes, and make them lazy. People became self dependentShortage of general services make people self dependent. To fulfill their own needs people became self service person. Social VolunteersSeveral people became as a social Volunteers to help poor people. These volunteers helps people by distribute them food,  medicines and another needy things. During lockdown people got unemployed and they didn't have sufficient food for their families and children. Those social workers fulfill their needs.Job crisisAll big industries and factories stopped working. Work was already stopped and owner of the industries also reduced the number of workers because they could not pay them. Job crisis spread rapidly. Social distanceSocial distance became in existing first time in the world. Due to infectious pandemic it is compulsory for all human beings, for safe life.Health insurance awarenessPeople became aware about health insurance. It is famous saying,"If you have life in you, you've the world with you". The business of life insurance increasing after the outbreak of pandemic. The pandemic made people aware and concious about their health.World climate changeDuring lockdown every services shutting down. Transport also stopped and there are no polution in the world. During those days world climate changed. No polution of traffic and industries and air got pure and carbon emissions also broken. It was positive impact on the earth 🌎.Rising of new business opportunitiesAfter big outbreak of pandemic new businesses rising like face mask, gloves, hand sanitizer factories. Today these are essential needs for human beings and important part of life. Family Values increasedCorona virus pandemic leaves immense impact on people that they realise the values of their lives and families. They want to spend maximum time with their families. 'Care and cure' becomes necessary part of life. Financial savingsDue to corona virus people got aware about finance. They realise that saving account plays important role in that pandemic situations, When nobody can do their job and stopped daily earning sources. Corona virus (covid-19) leave a mark on the whole world , which can never be forgotten in the life. People should be aware about their health and take precautions to be fit and healthy living.  { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2021/03/essay-on-corona-virus-covid-19.html?m=1" }, "headline": "Essay on corona virus (covid-19) Lockdown and global impact", "description": "Corona virus named pandemic is a huge disaster in the world which takes millions lives from last year to present time. People lost their families, children and parents. WHO declared that covid-19 is a Global Pandemic and Governments of all countries have decided to lockdown in their countries. Nobody can go out from their livelihoods.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "RITUSACADEMYADEMY" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "RITUSACADEMYADEMY", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2021-03-18", "dateModified": "2021-03-18" }
    International current affairs of January- February 2021  Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    International current affairs of January- February 2021 #
     International current affairs of January- February 2021 for all competitive exams1. Twitter has permanently suspendedthe account of America's head of state Donald Trump because of cited reason, " the risk of further incitement of violence".2. According to Henley Passport Index, Japan country has the most powerful passport in the world. Henley Passport Index- Only passport index that is based on IATA ( International Air Transport Association ) data.3. Japan country has announced to develop world's first Satellite made of Wood by 2030. First this material will be used in different environments of earth and then it will be installed in space. 4. Iran conducted the " Great Prophet 15" exercise. During this time dozens of missiles were fired  simultaneously through mobile launchers from the dessert area. Iran's revolutionary guard carried out this war exercise. 5. Recently Prime Minister Narendra Modi's poster was waved in Sindh province and independence demanded. Sindh province is located in Pakistan. The rally was held on the 117th anniversary of GM Sayed the founder of Sindhi nationalism.6. Manish Chauhan has been appointed as the India's Ambassador to Portugal. 7. Pankaj Mithal has been appointed to the post of Chief Justice of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh High court. He was administered the oath by Governor of Jammu and Kashmir Manoj Sinha.8. National Youth Day is celebrated every year on 12 January. This day is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda.9. 24th January is celebrated as National Girl child Day. It was started by the ministery of women and child development and the government of India in 2008.10. Indian cricket team won the Border Gavaskar Trophy. 11. Ladakh has the "khelo India Zanskar  Winter Sports" festival first started. Union Youth affairs and sports minister Kirren Rijiju inaugurated the event. 12. Australia country's  Claire Polosak became the first female match officials to participate in a men's test match. She played the fourth umpire in the third Test being played between Australia and India at the Sydney cricket ground. 13. Leon Mendoca became the 67th Grandmaster of India. Earlier G Akash has been awarded this title this year. 14. Japan country has been included in the "Five Eyes" network. Five countries:- America, Australia, Britain, Canada and Newzealand. Japan becomes Sixth country. The objective of this alliance is to keep an eye on China and share information related to it. This organisation was started during the 2nd World war. 15. Australia country has changed its national anthem to honour the indigenous peoples. In the second line of the National anthem "we are young and free" has been changed to "we are one and are free".16. Maitri Setu will connect Tripura state of India to Bangladesh. This bridge will be built over the river Feni. It will connect South Tripura with Ramgarh in Bangladesh. 17. China country has deployed sea wing gliders in the Indian Ocean. China deployed under water drones to spy on India in the Indian Ocean. 18. Recently America country passed Malala Yousafzai scholarship act. This act will expand the number of scholarship available to Pakistani women to receive higher education under a merit and needs based programs.19. Recently Egypt has approved diplomatic  relations with Qatar Country. 20. Vietnam ASEAN ( Association of SouthEast Asian Nations) country has bought Indian rice for the first time after many decades. ASEAN established at 8 August 1967 in Bangkok . Its headquarters at Jakarta Indonesia. 10 ASEAN countries are:- Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Combodia, Laos, Vietnam, Brunie, Thailand and Mayanmar. 21. Saudi Arabia the Gulf country has launched ' The Line City'. The city will be with no cars, roads or carbon emissions. The 170 km long development called " The line will be part of the $ 500 billion project called NEOM". 22. Donald Trump has been impeached 2 times by the US home . 23. US has named Cuba country as a "State sponsor of Terrorism". The US accused the Cuban government of feeding, housing and providing medical care for murderers, hijackers. While many Cubans go hungry, homeless and without basic medicines. 24. Indonesia country is world's oldest known cave painting art discovered. 25. Yaveri Museveni became the president of Uganda country for the sixth time. Uganda is located in Africa Continent. Its capital is Kampala and currency Ugandan Shilling. 26. According to United Nations India has the highest number of migrants in the world. According to the report the largest number of migrants from india are living in UAE (3.5 million), US (2.7 million) and Saudi Arabia (2.5 million). 27. Recently the youth of Tunisia country started unrest against the government due to heavy unemployment. 28. Netherlands country's PM Mark Tutte resigned from his post. Because of taking responsibility for scams involving child care subsidies. 29. Pakistan has successfully test-fired a ballistic missile Shaheen- III. The missile was test fired at Dera Ghaji Kha, Balochistan and it's capacity is 2750 km.30. Spain signed an agreement to build a 590 Megawatt Solar Power plant in France. It will be the largest power plant in the Europe. The solar power plant will supply electricity to about 3lakh people every year. 31. Recently China has built a village in Arunachal Pradesh state of India. The China has built this village 4.5 km inside the Indian border on the banks of the Tsari- choo river in Subsansiri District. 32. Kaja Kailas become first female Prime Minister of Estonia country. Estonia has currently become the only country in the world where both Prime Minister and President are women. President of Estonia - Kersti Kaijulaid. 33. United Nations institute- UN general assembly has recently pledged to protect religious places arround the world. It will provide protection against violence, destruction, damage or danger against religious sites. 34. Recently  Russia launched Cargo Ship for international space station. To deliver Cargo to seven crew members in the  international space station. 34. Recently Pakistan's army successfully tested Babur Cruise missile. The missile is capable of hitting ground and sea targets upto 450 kilometres away. 35. Israel has started developing anti- missile Arrow-4 system in corporation with America. This system can destroy  missiles coming into the atmosphere and space. It is a surface to air a ballistic missile. 36. USA country is going to rejoin the United Nations Human Rights Council(UNHRC). It is a United Nations body whose Mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world. It is formed in 2006 and it's headquarters at Geneva, Switzerland. 37. Mario Draghi appointed the Prime Minister of Italy. 38. China has banned BBC news. National Radio and Television Administration said that BBC had violated requirements that news reporting be true and impartial  and undermined China's national interests and ethnic solidarity.39. 47th version of the G-7 summit will be held in June 2021 and UK will be host. India, South Korea and Australia invited as guest. G-7 Countries:- 1. USA 2. Japan 3. Germany 4. Italy 5. France 6. Canada 7. UK40. Between USA and Maxico two countries has been cancelled the order to built a wall on the border. Current US president Joe Biden has withdrawal an order issued by former President Donald Trump regarding the construction of the wall. 41. Recently France European country has passed Anti- Radicalism Bill to fight islamic fundamentalism.42. Translation software 'Amar Vasha' launched in the supreme court of Bangladesh has been developed by India. Through this software the orders and rulings of the supreme court will be translated from English to Bangla language. 43. Recently Saudi Arabia gulf country has announced the inclusion of women in the armed forces. 44. Recently Bangladesh has banned venomous drugs for the vulture. Bangladesh has become the first country to ban ketoprofen. This medicine is widely used to treat cattles but it is toxic to vultures. 45. Denmark country will World's first energy island be built. It will serve as a hub for 200 giant off shore wind turbines. Project to built a giant island providing enough energy for three million households. 46. South Korea has approved the plan to setup World's largest wind power plant. South Korea plans to built an 8.2 GW offshore wind farm in Jeonnam province by 2030. Currently the world's largest offshore wind farm in Britain with 1.12 GW capacity. 47. Recently America re- entered the Paris Climate Accord. In 2017 the US became the first nation to withdraw from the Paris agreement. US president Joe Biden has announced that the US will host the world leaders climate  summit on 22 April 2021. 48. USA is the first country to record audio in mars recently and recorded by the rover called Perseverance. 49. Tianwen-1 has sent its first picture of mars and this mission is belongs to China. China National space administration launched Tainwen-1 on 23 July 2020. Its consists of orbiter deployable camera, lander and rover. 50. Hope mission is the space mission of United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is launched on 19 July 2020. The purpose of this mission is to study the atmosphere of mars and prepare the first global map of mars. The space agency of the UAE has successfully delivered its spacecraft into mars orbit in the first attempt. 51. Recently America's army prepared the model of setting up a factory on the Moon to strengthen itself in space. 52. The 45 the Indian Coast guard foundation Day is celebrated on 1st February. It was established on 1st February 1977. 53. On 4th February world Cancer day is celebrated every year. Its theme is " I am and I will". Its objective is to spread awareness and education about cancer. 54. 4 February is celebrated as International Human Fraternity Day.   Its theme is "A pathway to the future" and the objective is  to promote equality between different cultures and  religions and make them aware to the people. 55. Sarojini Naidu's birth anniversary is celebrated as National women's Day on 13 February. Sarojini Naidu was a freedom fighter and first woman Governor of Uttar Pradesh and famous as nightingale of India. 56. 13 February is celebrated as world Radio Day. 57. The world's social Justice Day is celebrated every year on 20 February. Its theme 2021 is " A call for social justice in the digital economy". 58. International Mother language Day is celebrated on 21 February. 59. Central Excise Day is observed on 24 February. 60. M Hamid Ansari is the author of the book " By Many A Happy Accident". He is Indian politician and Retired Indian foreign service officer and served as the 12th vice president of india from 2007 to 2017.61. S Y Quraishi is the author of the launch book " The Population Myth: Islam Family Planning and Politics in India". 62. Hunter Biden  is the author of the launch book " Beautiful Things" . The book is elaborates on the prevention of drug and drug abuse. 63. Priyanka Chopra Jonas is the author of the launch book " Unfinished: A Memoir" . In this book shared the collection of personal essays, Stories and observations as an actress, producer and UNICEF Goodwill ambassador. 64. Recently BCCI has cancelled domestic cricket Ranji Trophy for the first time in 87 years. 65. Recently Pakistan's cricket team became the first team in the world to win 100 matches in T20 international and second India 85 matches win.   { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2021/03/international-current-affairs-of.html?m=1" }, "headline": "International current affairs of January- February 2021 for all competitive exams", "description": "Twitter has permanently suspended the account of America's head of state Donald Trump because of cited reason, " the risk of further incitement of violence".", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2021-03-11", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    1st to 4th March 2021 current affairs for all competitive exams Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    1st to 4th March 2021 current affairs for all competitive exams#
     1st to 4th March 2021 current affairs for all competitive exams• Nagaland has launched its first sir cargo services  from Dimapur Airport.• Axis Bank has Partnered with Whatsapp to offer basic banking services to its customers.• National Safety Day is observed on 4th March.• World Hearing Day is observed on 3rd March.•Odisha chief minister Naveen Patnaik inaugurated hostels for scheduled tribe and scheduled caste students in the state.• Kuldeep Singh has given an additional charge of CRPF director general  after AP Maheshwari retires.• Uttarakhand chief minister Trivendra Singh Rawat has launched " Gharoki Pahchan , Chelik naam" ( daughter's name is a home identity) program.With ADB India has signed a USD 231 million loan agreement to augment electricity generation capacity in the state of Assam through construction of a 120 megawatt hydroelectric power plant.Nitin Gadkari has announced that a Multi model logistics Park will be construct in Silchar, Assam.8th edition of North East festival will be held in Guwahati, Assam-  Growth agenda for North East post covid-19.51st Director General level  border co-ordination conference between border security force and border guard Bangladesh :- Guwahati.Assam signed a memorandum of understanding with small industries development Bank of India to boost the Micro Small Medium (MSME) sector in the state.Ligia Noronha has appointed by United Nation Chief Antonio Guterres as assistant secretary general and head of the New York office of the United Nations Environment Program. *She will succeed  fellow Indian and development economist Satya Tripathi. United Nations Environment Program founded at 5 June 1972 and it's headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya. Executive director of UNEP  is Inger Anderson from Denmark.Export import Bank of India (Exim Bank) has extended line of credit of  $ 7.35 million to Nicaragua country for replacement and supply of equipment of the high technology center of hospital Antonio Lenin Fonseca.Maritime India Summit  2021 is being organised by the Ministry of Port, Shipping and Waterways. Denmark country is the partner country for the Summit. Dipika Padukone has been roped by Levi's as its Global Brand Ambassador. AU Small Finance Bank has appointed   Sharad Goklani  as President and CTO. Mumbai, Banglore, Chennai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad and Delhi have been shortlisted for to host 2021 lPL .The third and final edition of the Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav 2021 in West Bengal organized by the ministry of culture, Government of India began on 27th february 2021 at Murshidabad, West Bengal. All India Football Federation has confirmed Odisha as the venue for the forthcoming Hero Indian Women's League 2020-21 edition. All India Football Federation founded at 23 June 1937 & Its headquarters at Delhi. Praful Patel is the President of All India Football Feration. Secratary of Department of Economic Affairs Tarun Bajaj has been given additional charge of department of revenue.In Boxing, Deepak Kumar (52 kg) won the Silver Medal at the 72nd Strandja Memorial Tournament in Sofia, Bulgaria. India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C51 successfully launched Amazonia-1(Brazil) along with 18 co-passenger satellite from Satish Dhawan Space center SHAR, Sriharikota. *Amazonia-1 is the optical Earth observation satellite of National Institute for Space Research.* PSLV-C51/Amazonia-1 is the first dedicated commercial mission of NewSpace India Limited , a Govt of India company under Department of Space. *PSLV-C51 is the 53rd flight of PSLV.         DRDO's 'Sindhu Netra' surveillance satellite has been deployed in space, will help to monitor Indian Ocean Region.Matam  Venkata Rao has been appointed as Managing Director & CEO of Central Bank of India for a period of three years. G Y V Victor has assumed charge as the Managing Director and Chief Executive officer of Dredging Corporation of India  Ltd  & It is founded at 9 March 1976 . Its headquarters at Vishakhapatnam.Zero Discrimination day is celebrated every year on 1st March. A new book " Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Power: 5 Battleguards" is  authored by Rajiv  Malhotra.Pacer Vinay Kumar has announced his retirement from all forms of Cricket.Reserve Bank of India has extended the deadline for New Umbrella Entity applications to March 31st 2021. An Indian company Omega Selki will setup the electric vehicle plant in Bangladesh. The manufacturing unit will be setup near Dhaka with an investment of Rs.100 Crore.Sports ministry restored recognition for the Gymnastics Federation of India, which was de-recognised in 2011.Hyundai Motor India Ltd has bagged the,"Indian car of the year 2021" award for its 120 car .For the first time in fisheries sector, Government of India awarded  best performing amongst  Hilly  and North-east states for 2019-20 to Assam.Tarun Gogoi is passed away recently. He was the former chief minister of Assam.Sayed Anwar Taimur has passed away recently. She was the only woman chief minister of Assam.Vinesh Phogat defeated world number seven Vanesa Kaladzinskaya of Belarus in the finals to win the Gold Medal.A book "Advantage India: The Story of Indian Tennis" is authored by Anindya Dutta.SBI general insurance and Indian Overseas Bank has signed bancassurance agreement.International Yoga Festival has been started in Rishikesh.The gross GST revenue collected in the month of February 2021 is Rs. 1,13,143 Crore.Jaideep Bhatnagar takes over as Principal Director General, Press Information Bureau.45th Civil Accounts Day  was celebrated on 1st March.Parmod Chandra Mody has been appointed as chairman of the Central Board of Director Taxes.The theme of the National Science Day is "Future of STI: Impact on Education, Skills and Work".Russia country has launched its space satellite "Arktika-M" on a mission to monitor the climate and environment in the Arctic. The Indian Air Force will participate for the first time in exercise "Dessert Flag" in AL- Dhafra air base in UAE.World Custom  organization recognised Central Revenues Control Laboratory, New Delhi as a regional custom laboratory for Asia Pacific. World Wildlife Day is observed on 3rd March. Theme: " Forest and Livelihood: Sustaining People and Planet".A new passenger train service between Dhaka and New Jalpaiguri is set to start from 26th of March.Bharat Petroleum Corporation board has approved sale of the 61.65 percent  stake in Numaligarh refinery for 9,875 Crore Rupees.Rajya sabha TV and Lok sabha TV have been merged and now it will be known as Sansad TV. Ravi Kapoor has been appointed as it's chief executive officer.Telangana Gramin Bank and Andhra Pradesh Gramin Vikas Bank have launched digital saving account opening for new customers  through a video- KYC ( Know Your customer) process.Delhi Airport once again emerged as the Best airport in ACI-ASQ award for 2020. Indian buisness tycoon and Asia's Richest man  Mukesh Ambani continues to  top the Hurun India rich list 2021 with a net worth of $85 billion.Anantpuram, Andhra Pradesh district has been chosen for the Prime Minister Kisan National Award as it completed 99.6 percent physical verification of the beneficiaries under the Pradhanmantri Kisan Samman Nidhi.  Andhra Pradesh state government has launched "Padalandariki Illu" scheme ( housing for the poors).Arup Kumar Goswami was sworn in the Chief Justice of  the Andhra Pradesh High court by Biswa Bhushan Harichandan. Andhra Pradesh state government has launched the " Jagnanna Thodi" scheme to provide intrest free loan to small traders and artisans.With NDB, Government of India has signed a loan agreement of upto USD 646 million for Andhra Pradesh roads and bridges reconstruction project and mandal connectivity  and rural connectivity improvement project.The Air Force has conducted the," Surface to air combined  guided weapon firing" exercise at Air Force station Suryalanka.Export-import Bank of India (Exim Bank)has linked a USD 10.40 million loan deal with Eswatini, Switzerland for the construction of disaster recovery site. V K Sarswat member of NITI Ayog and former director general of DRDO has inaugurated a state of art center for Dron Research at Indian institute of technology Roorkee. Six times World champion Mary Kom has been appointed as the Chairperson of the International Boxing Association Champions and Veterans Committee. { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2021/03/march-month-2021-current-affairs.html?m=1" }, "headline": "1st to 4th March 2021 current affairs for all competitive exams", "description": "Nagaland has launched its first sir cargo services from Dimapur Airport. • Axis Bank has Partnered with Whatsapp to offer basic banking services to its customers. • National Safety Day is observed on 4th March. • World Hearing Day is observed on 3rd March.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2021-03-04", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    Current affairs of February month for all competitive exams  Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    Current affairs of February month for all competitive exams #
    Current affairs of February month 20211. India has ranked 86th in a corona virus performance index comprising 98 countries2. According to the performance index complied by the Sydney- based Lowy institute, newzealand handled the  Pandemic more effectively than any other country in the world, while Brazil sits at the bottom of the list.3.  BCCI secretary Jay Shah was elected the president of the Asian cricket council (ACC) . He has replaced BCB President Nazmul Hasan and is the youngest administrator to be appointed ACC president. Amitabh Chaudhary is the chairman of ACC.4. Economic survey for 2020-21, pegged the real GDP to be at 11% to the next fiscal.5. This year for the first time the union budget will only be available in the digital format and can also be assessed through mobile app UNION BUDGET both on android and IOS platform.6. Nepal has decided to award the contract for construction of 679 megawatt of lower Arun Hydropower Project to India's Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam.7. Indian coast guard celebrated its 45th Raising day on 1 February 2021. It was founded at 1st February 1977. Its headquarters at New Delhi. The name of its director general is Krishna Swamy Natarajan.8. Union minister for women and child development and textile Smriti Zubin Irani inaugurated the eighth edition of India international silk fair virtually. The fair is considered to be India's biggest silk fair, being held  under one roof on Indian silk export promotion council's virtual platform from 31st January to 4th February 2021.9. India rank 10th out of 11 Asia Pacific countries in a newly launched health index to measure the progress towards personalized health care. Singapore first, Taiwan 2nd, Japan 3rd, Australia 4th also performed well in all over readiness. Economist intelligence unit report "Asia pacific personalized health index" measure the readiness of 11 health system  across the region- Australia, China, Japan, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, South Korea, Thailand and Newzealand.10. The government has approved the Rs.946 crore Startup India Seed Fund Scheme (SISFS) for the period 2021-25 to offer early stage  funding to startup.Implementing Body- Department for promotion of industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT). It will implements on 1st April 2021.11. RBI said the license of Maharashtra based Shivam Sahkari Bank has been cancelled as it does not have adequate capital and earning prospects.12. 'Wetlands and water' is the theme of world's wetlands day . It is observed on 2nd February.13. Chandi Prasad Mohanty has assumed the appointment of the vice chief of the Army staff on 1st February 2021.14. World leprosy day was observed on 31st January.15. A book "Yes man: The Untold story of Rana Kapoor" is authored by  Pavan C Lal.16. Tamilnadu has lifted the coveted Sayed Mushtaq Ali T20 Trophy after defeating  Broda by seven wickets in the final at the Sardar Patel Stadium in Ahmedabad.17. Lucknow metro has become the first metro  in the country to use ultraviolet (UV) rays to sanitise train coaches.18. Ranji trophy is related to cricket.Thomas Cup is related to Badminton.Roberts Cup and Santosh Trophy is related to Football. Agha Khan Cup and Dhyan Chand Trophy is related to Hockey.19. Indian -American Bhavya Lal was appointed by NASA as the acting chief of  Staff of the US space agency. Washington DC is the headquarters of the National Aeronautics Space Administration (NASA).20. Babul Supriyo has announced the establishment of center for wetlands conservation and management, as a part of the National center for sustainable Coastal  Management Chennai. He is the minister of the state environment forest and climate change.21. Assam chief minister Sarbananda Sonowal  has launched two schemes 'Pragyan Bharti and Bhasha Gourav' to provide monetary assistant to college students and literary bodies of the state. 22.  Punjab chief minister captain Amrinder Singh has launched the "Har ghar Pani, Har ghar safai" mission as part of the government campaign to accomplish the goal of 100% portable piped water supply in all rural households.23. Defence minister Rajnath Singh will inaugurate the 13th edition of Aero India 2021 at Yelahanka air force station Bangluru, Karnataka.24. Cabinet has approved privatization of steel maker Rashtriya Ispat Nigam ltd. It was started at 1982 and it's headquarters at Vishakhapatnam. Pradosh kumar it's chairman MD.25. Y Vishvanath Gowd has been appointed as the managing director and chief executive officer of LIC housing  finance Ltd. 26. Reserve Bank of India appointed an external professional IT firm for carrying out a special audit of HDFC entire IT infrastructure.27. 16th edition of Indo- US joint military exercise Youth Abhyas  will be held at Mahajan field firing range in Rajasthan. 28. According to the celebrity brand valuation study 2020 released by  Duff and Phelps, Virat Kohli has been ranked as the most valuable celebrity for the fourth consecutive year in 2020 with a brand value of USD 237.7 million and the second and third spot have gone to hindi film actor Akshay Kumar and Ranveer Singh .29. According to statistics released by the International Agency  for Research on Cancer (IARC) in December 2020 and cited by the World Health organization, breast cancer has now surpassed lung cancer as the world's commonly diagnosed cancer. The formation year of international Agency for Research on Cancer is 20 may 1965 and the headquarters at Lyon, France.30. To boost the  safety of farmers crops and ensure maximum benefits of crops insurance reaches to farmers, the government of India has allocated rs. 16000 crore for Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana for the fiscal year 2021- 22.31. S N Subramanian has been appointed  Chairman of the National Safety Council for a period of three years.32. A book "Platform scale:  For a post Pandemic world" has been written by Sangeet Paul Chaudhary.33. International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital  Mutilation is observed on 6 February.34. Monetary Policy Committee has decided to keep the policy repo rate under the liquidity  adjustment  facility unchanged at 4.0%.35. California based fintech platform paypal will shut domestic business in India from 1 April 2021.36. Federal Bank has announced the launch of "Fedfirst" a special saving accounts for children below 18 years of age. Federal Bank founded at 23 April 1931 and it's headquarters at Aluva, Kochi, Kerala. Its M D and CEO is Shyam Shrinivasan.37.  Akhtar Ali a former Davis cup coach and a legendary figure in Indian tennis, passed away recently. He was 83 years old.38. England Skipper Joe Root became the first cricketer to score a double century in his 100th test.39. Central Bank of Shri Lanka has agreed a $400 million currency swap facility from the Reserve Bank of India. 40. Prime minister shree Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of two hospitals and launched 'Asom Mala' a programme for state highway and major district roads at Dhekiajuli in Sonitpur district, Assam.41. Rishabh Pant has won the ICC's inaugural player of the month award for his superlative performances in the two tests against  Australia in January.42. South Africa's Shabnim Ismail has been named as the "ICC women's player of the month".4,3. International cricket council has signed indian edtech startup Byju's as global partner for three years, from 2021 to 2023. 44. Prime minister Narendra Modi  inaugurated the World Sustainable Development Summit 2021on 10th February. The theme of the summit is " Redefining our common future: safe and secure environment for all". The 20th edition of Energy and Resources Institute's flagship event, World Sustainable Development Summit was held online from  10th to 12th February 2021.45. Nigerian economist Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala has been chosen as the next Director General of the World Trade Organization.46. United Nations Secretary-general Antonio Guterres  re-appointed Michael Bloomberg as his special envoy on climate ambition and solutions.47. Former US secretary of state, George Shultz has passed away  recently.  He was 100 years old.48. World Pulses day observed on 10th February.49. Uttar Pradesh  government has been introduced a system of issuing a unique 16- digit unicode to mark all the kinds of land holding in the state.50. Bank of Maharashtra has entered into a strategic co-lending agreement for MSME loans with loanTap Credit products pvt.ltd, a Pune based non- banking finance company. Bank of Maharashtra founded at 16 September 1935 and it's headquarters at Pune. A S Rajeev is MD and CEO of this Bank.51. Digital payment platform PhonePe has partnered with Axis Bank on a unified payment interface multi-bank model. Axis Bank founded at 1993. Its headquarters at Mumbai, Maharashtra. Amitabh Chaudhary is MD & CEO of Axis  Bank and the chairman is Rakesh Makhija.52. Madhya Pradesh's Sunil Dawar broke a twenty four years old a record when he won the under 20 men's 5000 metre gold in the National  Junior Athletics Championships in 14 minutes 13.95 seconds at the Surujasai Stadium. 53. India slipped two places to 53rd position in the 2020 Democracy index's global ranking according to the economist Intelligence unit. Norway country has topped.54. Ashok Dinda is related to cricket sports. 55. Ajay Singh has been re-elected as president of the Boxing Federation of India.Read also:- January months current affairs { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2021/02/current-affairs-of-february-month.html?m=1" }, "headline": "Current affairs of February month for all competitive exams", "description": "According to the performance index complied by the Sydney- based Lowy institute, newzealand handled the Pandemic more effectively than any other country in the world, while Brazil sits at the bottom of the list.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    January months Current affairs for all competitive exams Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    January months Current affairs for all competitive exams#
    See also:- current affairs of February month 2021Current affairs of January 2021 for all competitive exams US international development finance corporation has announced to invest $54 million amount in  india for infrastructure projects.The current Defence secretary Ajay Kumar has launched the DGNCC  digital forum In new delhi. HDFC Bank has stopped the list of 100 BFSI ( Banking, Financial  Services and Insurance) firms in the country.Himachal Pradesh state has decided to frame an integrated drug prevention policy.Madanlal Sharma passed away recently was associated with Congress political party.Prime minister Modi inaugurated India's first driverless train Operation at Delhi Metro.Mahendra Singh Dhoni has been named as the captain of the ICC ODI Team Of the decade.Neetal Narang has become the first female president of softball Federation of India.The Amazonia 1 Satelite is in news recently belongs to Brazil country. The Prime minister released a Postage stamp during the centenary celebrations of Aligarh Muslim University.Kilauea Volcano, which erupted recently, is located at Hawaii Island.Long March 8 Y-1 is a rocket of China country. It was seen in news recently.F/A-18 Super Hornet Fighter jet is developed by Boeing country.The 100th Kisan Rail was flagged off by PM Narendra Modi will run between Maharashtra and West Bengal State.Kalam-5 is the solid propulsion rocket engine. It was successfully test-fired by the skyroot aerospace.The two days naval passage exercise PASSEX in the South China sea was held between India and Vietnam.The book Sutranivedanachisutra-Ek Anvab is written by Roopa Chari and published by Sanjana publication in December 2020.The Indian cricket team captain Virat Kohli has won the Sir Garfield Sobers award for ICC male cricketer of the decade.Rachael Heyhoi Flint  award for ICC female cricketer of the decade is won by Ellyse Perry from Australia cricket team. S L Dharme Gowda passed away recently. He was the deputy chairman of legislative council of the Karnataka. America has decided to set up a Nuclear reactor on the surface of the moon by 2026.An iceberg A68a  was split off from Antarctica's Larsen c ice shelf in july 2017  has been drifting towards South Georgia island.China has launched a new remote sensing satellite Yaogan-33.In Pursuit of Justice is an autobiography of Rajinder Sachar.Uttar Pradesh state will take punitive action against owners of  vehicles displaying caste identities.Ministry of health and family welfare and ministry of Electronics and IT together have launched a contest to strengthen COWIN. Harshvardhan is the minister of health and family welfare. Ravi Shankar Prasad is the minister of Electronics and IT.KVIC ( Khadi Village Industries Commission ) has commissioned a Monpa Handmade Paper  making unit in Twang City in Arunachal Pradesh.National jal Jeevan mission has launched an innovation challenge in partnership with DPIIT to develop portable devices for water testing. DPIIT is stand for Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade and it comes under the ministry of commerce and industries. Tesla motors will enter Indian market in 2021.  Elon Musk is the CEO of Tesla motors.The Defence ministery has granted 'green channel status' to L & T Defence company.The P.M Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone of the permanent campus of IIM Sambalpur in Odisha state.India and ADB (Asian development Bank) have signed a USD 231 million loan agreement to augment electricity generation capacity in Assam state.(120 megawatt hydroelectric power plant)Union minister for science and technology Harshvardhan has launched the Digital Ocean Platform of INCOIS. The headquarters of the INCOIS located at Hyderabad and T Shrinivas Kumar is the director.Mayiladuthurai district was recently inaugurated is the 38th district of Tamilnadu state. It is card out from the Nagapattinam. Researchers at the Indian institute of science education and Research (IISER) have identified BBX11 gene which helps in greening the plants.A recently discovered Portulaca lalji is a species of Sun Rose flower . It was seen at the Prakasam district of Andhrapradesh.Indira Joseph venniyoor, renowned broad caster, all India radio veteran and the first English news announcer of Travancore radio passed away.Former Indian footballer and Olympian Nikhil Nandy passed away at 88.Air vice Marshal Ajit Singh Lamba passed away.Shantanu Mohapatra legendary Odia music director passed away.Olympic bronze and  World Cup winner Hockey player Michale kindo passes away.Congress leader and former union minister buta Singh passes away.Former New Zealand test batsman John Fulton reid passed away.Ace mountain colonel Narendra 'Bull' Kumar passed away.Footballer Colin Bell passed away.India's first Pollinator park has been opened in Nainital district of Uttarakhand.DRDO Along with Indian Navy has conducted the maiden trial of SAHAYAK - NG indigenously built air dropable container.Hemant Kumar Pandey has been honoured with DRDO's "scientist of the year award" for his contribution in developing several herbal medicines including the popular drug Lukoskin. Headquarters of DRDO is in New Delhi. This foundation is started in 1958. G. Satish Reddy is the chairperson of the DRDO.Bank of Baroda has launched the digital lending platform to enable prospective  retail loan seekers to get loans digitally.UMS Minye Theinkathu is the first and the only submarine of Myanmar country.WHO covid-19 updates is the name of the mobile app launched by WHO to provide  latest covid-19 guidance and updates.Assam state has tabled a bill to abolish all state- run madrassas and convert those into general schools.Manav Kaul is the author of the book Antima.Japan country has recently joined the Five Eyes Intelligence Sharing Alliance.The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has launched the country's highest meteorological center at Leh. Kolkata, Guwahati, Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai and Nagpur also have the India's Meteorological Department.ICICI Bank has collaborated with Google Pay for easy issuance of FASTag through UPI.Cristiano Ronaldo has won the Player of the Century Award at the Globe Soccer Awards.Uttar Pradesh State government has decided to include the history of 'Sikh gurus' in the school curriculum in the state.Jawahar Tribal city of Maharashtra has earned the tag of mini Mahabaleshwar.Nikita Khakimov  is associated with Badminton sports.Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank is the author of the book poineer of  humanity: Maharishi Arvind.Uttar Pradesh state has launched the 'Kisan Kalyan mission' to double farmers income. This mission  was launched by ministry of agriculture and family welfare in 2018. Narendra Tomar  is an agriculture minister.Madhya Pradesh state has launched the 'launch pad scheme' to make youth self-reliant. It is launched by state women and child development department.Mathikettan Shola National park is located at Kerala and it is launched by ministry of environment, forest and climate change. Prakash javadekar is the minister of environment.To introduce new age technology and innovations in agriculture  'agri -India hackathon' virtual event has been launched in New Delhi, by agriculture minister Narendra Singh Tomar.Uttar Pradesh state was awarded the first place for excellence in implementation of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana PMAY(U) Mission.According to Periodic Labour Force Survey unemployment in urban areas rose to 9.1% January-march 2020.Asian water bird census was being conducted by Andhra Pradesh state.Deepor beel is the only Ramsar site in Assam state.Major General Gautam Chauhan has become the first head of the newly created  Human rights cell of Indian Army. { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2021/02/january-months-current-affairs.html?m=1" }, "headline": "Current affairs of January 2021 for all competitive exams", "description": "US international development finance corporation has announced to invest $54 million amount in india for infrastructure projects.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2021-02-18", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    What are Powers and Functions of The state government of India  Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    What are Powers and Functions of The state government of India #
    Read also: Democracy The State Government of IndiaDemocracy is not just about people electing their rulers, It is about decision making. we are going to study how decisions are taken at state level, who takes them, who implements them and if there is any dispute, who solves them. India is a federal government i.e. there are two sets of governments i.e. Union Government and the State Government. The Constitution of India has specified the working of both the sets of governments. As we know, India is a Union of states. Each state has its own system of governance on the lines of the Union Parliament.STATE LEGISLATURELike the Lok Sabha at the Centre, the States have their own Legislative Assemblies, which are the Lower Houses. Again like the Rajya Sabha some States have their own Legislative Councils, which are the Upper Houses of the State Legislature. It may be noted that all the states do not have their Upper Houses i.e. Legislative Assemblies councils. The State Legislative Council or Vidhan Parishad is the upper house in those 6 states of India- Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Telangana, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh that have a bicameral state legislature; the lower house being the State Legislative Assembly. Its establishment is defined in Article 168 of the Constitution of India. As of January 2020, 6 out of 28 states have a State Legislative Council. The latest state to have a council is Telangana. All other states have legislative Assemblies which are also called Vidhan sabhas. Legislative assemblyThe legislative assembly is the popular house of the state legislature. It is also called the people's house or the lower house. Its member are elected directly by the people. The strength of the members of the legislative assembly is based on the population of the state. The number of members differ from state to state.Method of election:   the members of the legislative assembly are chosen by direct election from single member constituencies on the basis of universal adult franchise. Each state is divided into different areas or constituencies. From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). Candidates contest elections in the name of different parties. These MLAs therefore belong to different political parties.How do people who are MLAs become ministers or chief minister ? A political party whose MLAs have won more than half the number of constituencies in a state can be said to be in a majority. The political party that has the majority is called the ruling party and all other members are called the opposition.Provision of reservation of seats: The Constitution provides for reservation of seats in the Legislative Assemblies for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Nomination of the members of Anglo- Indian Community: The Governor can nominate one member of the Anglo-Indian community in the Legislative Assembly if he is of the opinion that the Anglo-Indian community is not adequately represented in the legislative assembly.Qualifications for the Legislative Assembly Candidates : (i) He must be a citizen of India. (ii) He must be above the age of 25. (iii) He should not hold any office of profit under the Union or the State government. (iv) He should not be an insane or an insolvent person. (v) He should not have been convicted  for some grave offence. (vi) He must fulfil all other qualifications as laid down by an act of the Parliament. Tenure: The tenure of the Legislative  Assembly is 5 years but the Governor can a dissolve it at any time. Its tenure can be extended by one year during the imposition of national emergency.Session: The Governor can convene the session at any time but a period of more than 6 months must not lapse between the two sessions. Officials of the Legislative Assembly Speaker and Deputy Speaker : The members of the Legislative Assembly elect a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker from amongst themselves to preside over its meetings. The Speaker presides over the meetings, maintains discipline during the meetings, recognises the members and allows them to speak, put the measures for voting and declares the results.Powers and functions of the legislative assembly 1.The Legislative Assembly can make laws on the subjects grouped in the State List and the Concurrent List. But  the law passed by the Legislative Assembly comes into conflict with the laws passed by the Parliament related to a Concurrent Subject, the Union law will prevail.In the states having a bi-cameral legislature the Legislative Council can delay a bill for 4 months but cannot veto it.2. Financial Powers: The Legislative Assembly controls the finances of the state. It approves the annual financial statements i.e. the Budget by means of which it authorises the government to impose, reduce or abolish taxes. The state government cannot spend  money without its approval.The Legislative Council can delay a money all for a period of not more than 14 days.3. Executive Powers: The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the legislative assembly. Members of the Legislative Assembly make the Council of Ministers responsible to it by asking them questions by moving Call Attention Motion, Adjournment Motion, Censure Motion, etc. The Legislative Assembly can remove the Council of Ministers from office by passing the vote of No Confidence against it.4. Constitutional Powers: For amending some provisions of the Constitution approval of at least 1/2 states is necessary. Thus the Legislative Assembly along with the Legislative Council takes part in the amendment process of the Constitution.5. Electoral Powers: (i) Members of the Legislative Assembly take part in the election of the President. (ii) It elects 1/3 members of the Legislative Council. (iii) It elects the members of the Rajya Sabha. (iv) The members elect a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker.LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL (VIDHAN PARISHAD)The State Legislative Council's members are not elected directly by the people but they are elected indirectly by the MLA's, Local bodies, teachers, graduates.STATE EXECUTIVE The State Executive in India like the Union Executive consists of two parts -1. Nominal Executive2. Real ExecutiveThe Governor is the nominal executive head whereas the Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister is the real executive.GOVERNORThe Governor is the executive head of the state.The Constitution vests the executive powers of the State in the Governor because of the adoption of the parliamentary government in the states  the Governor is the constitutional head of a State Government and all his powers are in actual practice exercised by the Council of Ministers of the State.Appointment of Governor : The Governor is appointed by the President, but in actual practice the President makes this appointment on the recommendation of the Prime Minister.Qualifications of Governor :(i) He must be a citizen of India.(ii) He must not be below 35 years of age.(iii) He must not be a member either of the Union or of the State Legislature. If he is a member of any of the legislatures, he has to resign from his seat in the legislature before assuming the office of Governor. (iv) He must not hold any office of profit under the Government of India or any State Government.Term of OfficeThe Governor's term of office is five years. As he holds his office "during the pleasure of the President", his term can be terminated even earlier by the President. However, the President acts on the advice of the Prime Minister. His appointment and removal are political decisions based mostly on political considerations.POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE GOVERNORThe Governor's position in relation to the State Council of Ministers is technically the same as that of the President at the Centre in relation to the Council of Ministers there. He exercises his powers and functions on the advice of the Chief Minister and the Council of Ministers. But the Governor possesses some discretionary powers as an agent of the Centre which he can exercise through his individual judgement in the best interest of the State concerned. we may say that the Governor acts in two capacities i.e., (a) as the Constitutional Head of the State. (b) as an agent of the central government in the state.Executive powers and functions of the governor1. To appoint the chief minister :The first step in the formation of the government in the state is the appointment of the chief minister (C.M.).This power is exercised by the governor. If a political party has a clear cut simple majority in the Legislative assembly of the state after the election then the governor invites the leader of the majority party to be the chief minister. In this situation the governor has no choice. But if there is no clear majority in favour of a single party or parties in alliance the governor has to assess the situation and assure himself is to which party can provide a stable government. In doing so he has to carefully exercise his wisdom in appointing the chief minister. In a situation of claims and counter-claims by political parties the governor may  appoints the chief minister and ask him to  prove its majority on  the floor of the house within a week or ten days.2. To appoint the council of ministers:The chief minister selects  team of his ministers. The governor administers to the ministers the oath of office and secrecy which is an important ceremony. The chief minister allot portfolios to the ministers.3. To appoint the high officials :The governor is the executive head of the state. All decisions of the government are taken in his time. In fact all administrative appointments are made by him or  made in his name. He appoints the advocate general of the state, the chairman and members of the state public service commission. He is also consulted by the president while appointing judges in the state High court.Legislative powers and functions of the governorSessions of the state legislature:  The governor is an integral part of the state legislature. He convenes the session of the state legislature and adjourns it. The constitution requires that a period of more than 6 months must not have passed between two sessions of the legislature.1. To nominate MLA/MLC:The governor may nominate one member from the Anglo Indian community if this community is not adequately represented in the state assembly. He also has the power to nominate one sixth members to the state legislative council from amongst the persons eminent in the field of literature, science, art, co-operative movement for social services.2. To address the  legislature:The governor addresses the state legislature. In the very first session the governor's address actually is a policy statement of the government.3. To give assent to the bills:After the bill is passed by the state legislature it is presented to the governor. The governor may take one of the following action on it i.e.,Give his assent to the bill and it becomes an act.May withhold his assent.May reserve the bill for the consideration of the president.May return the bill to the legislature for its reconsideration provided that it is not a money bill. If it is passed by the legislature for the second time with or without amendment then the governor cannot withhold his assent to it.4. To release Ordinances:The Governor may issue an ordinance, when the State legislature is not in session. The ordinance is as good as a law and it comes into effect immediately on its issuance. Every ordinance must be laid before the State Legislature when it reassembles. If it is approved by it then the ordinance becomes a permanent law.5. To Dissolve the State Assembly : The Governor may dissolve the State Assembly on the advice of the Council of Ministers provided it commands a clear majority in the House. If there is a coalition Ministry and the partners in it break up and the government loses the confidence vote in the House then the Governor has to use his own judgement whether to dissolve the House on the advice of a defeated and divided Ministry. Financial Powers of the governor:The Governor has the following financial powers :1. No Money Bill can be introduced in the State Assembly without the Governor's recommendation or prior approval.2. He causes the annual budget of the State to be laid before the House before the beginning of a financial year.3. He has at his disposal a State Contingency Fund to meet any unforeseen expenditure. The judicial powers of the Governor1. To grant pardons remission of punishment under State laws except death sentence.2. To appoint, promote and post District Judges in consultation with the High Court. 3. He is consulted by the President at the time of the appointment of Judges to the High Court.Discretionary powersUnder the discretionary powers of the governor exercises his own individual judgement in certain situations. He must distinguish between right and wrong in the advice given by the council of minister in the following matters:When no party commands and absolute majority in the state assembly he may use his discretion  in selecting the chief minister. Before doing so he has to ensure a stable government in the state.To dismiss a council of ministers which has lost the confidence of the state assembly but if the chief minister insists upon remaining in office and asks for the dissolution of the assembly, after having lost its confidence the governor may use his own discretionary powers either to dismiss the council of ministers or to dissolve the assembly. He may recommend fresh election in the state.To report to the president that the government of the state cannot be run according to  the provisions of the constitution. This means  the imposition of the constitutional emergency and president's rule in the state.The governor may refuse to give his assent to a bill. He may send it back to the state legislature for reconsideration. He may even reserve of bill for president's assent.Council of ministersThere is a council of ministers headed by the chief minister to aid and advise the governor in a state, who is its constitutional head,  of course with the council of ministers. Formation of the council of ministersThe appointment of the chief ministers and other ministersThe first step in the formation of the council of ministers is the appointment of the chief minister and on his advice to make the appointment of other ministers. Only a member of the state legislature can be a minister or chief minister. But if a non member is appointed he/ she must become an MLA /MLC within six months from the date of nomination/ appointment.The state council of ministers has four categories of ministers:-1) Cabinet ministers :  They are the most important and senior most members of the council of ministers. They independently hold the charge of the important portfolios and their number is normally small. 2) Ministers of state:In the second category are listed the ministers of state. They sometimes hold the independent charge of the department and at times they may be required to assist  the cabinet ministers in the administration of the portfolios. They ordinarily do not attend the meetings of the cabinet.3) Deputy ministers:The deputy ministers form the third category of the council of ministers. They do not hold independent charge of any portfolio but are attached with the the cabinet ministers and the ministers of States. The nature of their work is such as is assigned to them by the minister incharge of the department.4) Parliament secretaries:They are neither ministers properly so called nor do they hold the charge of any department. They are appointed the chief minister and are responsible to him. Their chief function is to do the functions athorized by the chief minister.Term of officeIn the Constitutional terminology the ministers remain in office during the pleasure of the Governor. But under the Parliamentary system the Ministry is collectively responsible to the State Legislative Assembly and it has to resign from office when it loses the confidence of the Assembly any time before five years. This is the usual or normal term of both the Assembly and the Ministry.Relationship of the council of ministers with the chief ministerChief Minister's Unique Position : In order to understand the relationship of Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister, we must first of all realise that the Chief Minister possesses vast powers in the state government. His position is unique. He is the Captain of the team of his ministers. He is the pivot of the whole state government and its administration. The Chief Minister is the key-man, he is like a sun amongst his ministerial planets. He has vast legislative, executive, financial and administrative powers. None of his ministers can be compared with him.The functions and powers of the Chief Minister can be divided under the following headings:1. Formation of the Council of Ministers: After his own appointment the Chief Minister prepares the list of other ministers and present this list to the Governor for his approval. He is absolutely free to include any person in his Council of Ministers and the approval of the Governor is just a formality.2. Distribution of Portfolios : The Chief Minister distributes the portfolios among the Ministers on the basis of the efficiency and significance of the ministers and can reshuffletheir portfolios.3. Reorganisation of Council of Ministers: The Chief Minister re-organises the Council of Ministers  time to time, he can induct the able ministers into the Cabinet, and can remove the inefficient ministers from the Council of Ministers4. Link between Governor and Council of Ministers: The Chief Minister acts as a link between the Governor and the Council of Ministers. He keeps the Governor informed of the decisions of the Council of Ministers and communicates the advice of the Governor to the Council of Ministers.5. Leader of the people: The Chief Minister is the leader of the people of State. The people of the state look up to him for guidance and the development of the state. The Governor is appointed by the centre therefore, it is the Chief Minister and not the Governor who is the leader of people.6. Control over Appointments : Although all the high appointments in the state such as Advocate General, State Public Service Commission, Vice-Chancellors of the Universities are made in theory by the Governor yet in reality the list of the persons to be given these high appointments is made by the Chief Minister. So much so that even in the appointment of the Governor the President consults the Chief Minister of the state concerned.7. Control over Finance : The Finance Minister prepares the Finance Bill according to the wishes and liking of the Chief Minister and introduces the same in the legislature.Position : The Chief Minister is the most important official in the state and occupies the same position as occupied by the Prime Minister at the centre. No action in the state can be taken in the state against the wishes of the Chief Minister. He plays a significant role in the formation of the ministry distribution of portfolios among the ministers reshuffling of the portfolios and infact he controls the very life of the Cabinet. He can get any minister dismissed. His resignation is considered to be the resignation of the whole ministry. In fact he is the pivot around which the whole Council of Ministers and the total administration of the state revolves.STATE ADMINISTRATIONWe have studied that it is the Chief Minister and his Council which takes all policy decisions. Now the question is who executes all the policies of the state government. District is the primary unit of administration. It is through district that the people come in contact with the government directly. The people take their complaints to the district administration and it is the district administration which addresses their problems. Therefore it may not be wrong to call the district administration as the backbone of the administration. It is the district administration which implements the developmental plans made by the centre and the states. Therefore the evaluation of the administration can be made on the basis of the evaluation of district administration because the entire administration at the lower level revolves around the district administration. Major functions of the district administrationDistrict administration maintains law and order in the district and gives punishment to those who disobey the orders of the government.It collects the various taxes levied by the government and deposits the same in the treasury.It keeps the record of the land of the district and deals with the land related disputes.It provides justice to the people in civil and criminal cases and for this, there is provision of civil and criminal courts.It implements all the developmental plans in the district and evaluates their progress from time to time.It evaluates the performance of panchayati Raj institutions and urban local bodies. It also helps these bodies in the proper discharge of their duties.The deputy commissioner is the chief executive officer of the district and is known by the name of collector, district judge and district officer etc. The entire administration of the district to revolves around him. It is his responsibility  to successfully complete the welfare and developmental functions in the district. The policies and programmes of the government up to the people is also his responsibility. There are so many other officials who assist him and they work under his supervision and control. As citizens it is our duty to co-operate with the state officials. They are the actual agents through whom laws are executed and ultimately benefit of the same riches the people through them. { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2021/01/the-state-government-of-india.html?m=1" }, "headline": "What are Powers and Functions of The state government of India", "description": "Democracy is not just about people electing their rulers, It is about decision making. we are going to study how decisions are taken at state level, who takes them, who implements them and if there is any dispute, who solves them.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2021-01-03", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    What is Deforestation, its causes, effects and strategies Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    What is Deforestation, its causes, effects and strategies#
     Read it- Essay on Global warmingDeforestationWhat is deforestation Deforestation is permanent cutting or removal of trees by human for make agriculture land for another purpose of that to situated buildings and industries on the forest land and using the timber for fuel, construction and manufacturing. The UN's food and agriculture organisation estimates the annual rate of deforestation to be around 1.3 km sq per decade. Forest cover 31% of land area on the earth. It helps people to grow and survive because forests or trees purifying air and water. Forests help to stop drought and floods. It helps to bring rain. Millions of people does jobs through forest departments. Many animals depends on forests to survive. They achieve food and shelter from it. Forests also plays a major role in climate change because trees observe carbon dioxide and contribute to ongoing changes in climate patterns but around the World forests are in danger. There is need to protect our forest to live healthy life. Causes of DeforestationClimate change:It is the first common cause of deforestation. Due to climate change increasing the temperature causes large scale of wildfires. Recently it was Massive wildfire at Amazon forests. That fire process continued by months. Climate change increase their frequency and power. Amazon forests called 'The lungs of the earth'. But this enormous wildfire tragedy push it to the huge loss. Population growth:Population growth is main cause of deforestation. Population growth defined increase in the number of individuals population. Global human population growth amount to around 83 million Annually or 1.1% per year. Many nations with rapid population growth have low standard of living and many nations with low population growth and high standards of living. If population growth increase day by day then demand of products will be grow. Every individual needs home to live. That's one of the most important cause of deforestation.UrbanizationUrbanisation means that the population shift from rural to urban areas. Many peoples had rather go urban areas from rural areas. It is predominantly the process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more people  begin living and working in Central areas. According to population growth  the need of people increases, which further lead to deforestation. Increasing population directly effects on forests as with the expansion of cities and there is need for more land for housing and settlements.GlobalisationWhen people, companies and governments interact and integrate with each other worldwide it is called globalisation. Since the 19th century due to advances in transportation and communication technology globalisation has  accelerated. It is all round the world economic process to increase in global interaction for growth in international trade. Economically globalisation involves goods, services, data, technology and economic resources of capital. The enlargement of global markets liberalised the economic activities of the exchange of goods and funds. Removal of cross-border trade barriers has lead the formation of global markets more realistic. The expansion of trade worldwide is major cause of deforestation. Human activities as agricultural expansionHuman activities get changes the world. It is the number one cause of deforestation. Expansion of cities reduce the forest. 80% of deforestation occurs due to agricultural land to produce food, fibres or biofuel such as soybean, rice, maize, cotton and sugarcane. It is around 40% lost of forests.Construction of infrastructureconstruction of roads to transport, rail, ports and airports and also construction of dams, industrial exploitation of mines contribute to massive deforestation. Extraction of timberFrom past time old trees are cut down to  make timber for the furniture or paper industry. Also many other economically unattractive trees which have an important biological and ecological value are cut down. Illegal logging occurs in all types of forests across all continents destroying nature and wildlife. Illegally harvested wood finds its way into major consumption markets which further fuels the cycle.Cultivations and livestock farmingThe extraction of the most precious trees which are destined for Timber. Commercialization forests are set on Fire causing great impact on local animals and plants. Exhausting of trees and plants are massive loss for animals and livestock because their livelihood depends on it. Millions of wildlife depends on forests. MiningThe impact of mining on tropical forests is growing due to rising demand and high mineral price. Mining projects are often accompanied by major infrastructure of roads, Railway lines and power stations which are destroying forests and freshwater ecosystem.Effects of deforestation:Global warmingMajor  effect of deforestation is on global warming and also it plays role to enhance the greenhouse effects. Deforestation causes carbon dioxide to stay in the atmosphere it produces a layer in the atmosphere that traps radiation from the sun and those radiations convert to keep which causes global warming. Global warming is a serious matter which puts effect on worldwide. To reduce global warming people should individually contribute.Effects on biodiversityMany wonderful species of plants and animals have been lost and many other remain endangered. Forests provide more than a home for a diverse collection of living things which are important resource for many around the world. Forests can be found from the tropics to high latitude areas. Forests are home to  80% of secular biodiversity containing plants, trees, animals and microbes. People depends on trees for firewood, timber and charcoal.Effects on climate changePlants absorb carbon dioxide CO2 from the atmosphere and release oxygen but deforested areas lost that ability and release more carbon which enhance air pollution and warming. Increased greenhouse gasesHuman activities are changing Earth's natural greenhouse effect. Deforestation, burning fossil fuels like coal and oil puts more carbon dioxide into our atmosphere. The greenhouse effect works much the same way on earth. Gases in the atmosphere such as carbon dioxide trap heat just like the glass roof of a greenhouse. These heat trapping gases are called greenhouse gases. Plants can help to balance the greenhouse effect on earth. All plants from giant trees to small take in carbon dioxide and give off oxygen. Soil erosion and floodingMain effects of deforestation include soil erosion and coastal flooding. Trees help the land to prevent water and top soil which provides the rich nutrient to sustain additional forest life. Without trees the soil erodes and washes away. The Barren land more perceptive to flooding specifically in coastal region. Flooding in coastal region is giant natural disaster due to lack of trees.Loss of habitatMost  dangerous effects of deforestation is the loss of habitat of wildlife. 70% of land animals and plant species live in forests. The indigenous communities who lived there and depend on the forest to sustain their way of life. The loss of forests has direct effect on their lifestyle. Effects on people Deforestation eliminate a great number of species of plants and animals which also commonly results in an increasing in disease for a number of years, deforestation, drought and subsequent fires led to a dramatic geography shift and density of fruit bats, a reservoir for nipah virus. Deforestation has affected all over human health and lifestyle. It is the big disturbing activity with nature. Which is very harmful and directly or indirectly impacted on human life. These activities leading the world to the way of destruction.Strategies to stop deforestation:Plant more treesEvery individual should plant one or two trees. If people take step forward together to grow plants then problem of deforestation never be faced.Save treesOld trees should be save. one big tree take 15 to 20 years to grow large those are natural properties which are destroyed by people to self means. If we protect nature in return it gives us a lot.Programmes and policiesWorldwide all governments should make programmes and policies to protect forests. Cutting of trees should be banned, Not only on specific trees but all natural products are precious.Learning subjectIt should be a learning subject for all in the schools, colleges or institutions that how to grow and protect plants.Forest departmentForest department always works for the protection of trees and species.Monitoring of deforestationThere are multiple methods that are reliable for reducing deforestation. Which is typically assessed by quantifying the amount of area deforested measured at the present time. A global satellite view is available.Reforestation In many parts of the world especially in East Asian countries reforestation is increasing the area of forested land. Asia as a whole gained 1 million hectares of forest between 2000 and 2005. { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2020/12/deforestation-its-causes-effects-and.html?m=1" }, "headline": "What is Deforestation, its causes, effects and strategies", "description": "Deforestation is permanent cutting or removal of trees by human for make agriculture land for another purpose of that to situated buildings and industries on the forest land and using the timber for fuel, construction and manufacturing.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2020-12-13", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    What are the Water Resources, Its sources and importance   Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    What are the Water Resources, Its sources and importance #
    Also read: Rivers types and featuresWhat is deforestation, Its causes, effects and strategiesEssay on coronavirus (covid-19)What are the Water Resources'Water is life' it is universal truth because without water life is not possible. Water is natural resource. Water has used in household works, industries, agriculture, recreations and environmental activities. Water is essential need for all living things to reproduce and to grow. There are several sources of water on the earth eg. Underground water, rainwater, rivers, lakes, ponds, Wells, glaciers and seas. On the earth 71% of water surface and 29% of land surface on the earth. Fresh water is renewable source and 97% water on the earth is salt water and only 3% water is fresh water to drinking and other uses. Main source of fresh water  is  underground water and rain water because it is pure water to drinking and beneficial for human health.Sources of water:1) Underground waterUnderground water is the main source of freshwater which is uses for drinking and daily needs basis. It is located in the subsurface, pore surface of soil and rocks. Ground water can be found  in  some terms as surface water inputs, outputs and storage. In coastal areas human use of groundwater surface may cause the direction of seepage to Ocean to reverse which can also cause soil salinization. Human can also cause groundwater to be lost through pollution.Surface water2) Surface waterRivers, ponds, seas and lakes becomes in this category. Surface water naturally replenished by precipitation and evaporation and groundwater recharge. Natural surface water can be increased by importing surface water from another water sources through a canal or pipeline. In some hilly regions and mountains release underground water which combine with the rivers naturally. Several famous waterfalls becomes from mountains and hills which fulfills the rivers  lakes and ponds with water.3) Frozen water or water as ice formSeveral rivers replenished with iceberg as a water surface. Glacier runoff is considered to be surface water. The Himalayas play role as "The roof of the world" which contain the most extensive and rough high altitude areas on earth as well as the greatest area of glaciers and permafrost outside of the poles. Asia's largest 10 rivers flow from there and more than a billion peoples livelihood depends on it.4) DesalinationIt is an artificial process which make saline water to fresh and pure water. The desalination processes are distillation and reverse osmosis. But it is most expensive process. it is usually only uses such as household and industrial uses. 5) Sources of drinking waterMain sources of drinking water is underground water and wells. But in some regions like deserts and backward areas doesn't found underground water. South India is heavy rain area there are people collects  rain water and use for households and drinking purpose. They stores rainwater and then use. Uses of water1) Domestic usePeople uses water to do their household works. The using of water in drinking, bathing, washing is essential need. Globally the domestic use of water estimated that 8% of worldwide water. These include drinking water, bathing, cooking, cleaning, toilet flushing, laundry and gardening. The underground water supply system reaches to the people. In some areas hand pumps and Wells in using.  In big cities river water supplies for household.  First river water purifiers and then its becomes to uses.2) Industrial and commercial useIn commercial and industrial sectors most water is used for processing products with cooling coming in seconds. World wide use of water is estimated 22% in industries. Large amount of water used in industries for chemical process,  oil refineries and for cooling process. some industries consume water from hydroelectric dams and thermoelectric power plants. Pollution occurs when industries discharge waste water. 3) Agricultural useLarge scale of water uses in agriculture for irrigation. It is most important that production of food for every country. River valleys and plains provide fertile soils. Farmers in dry regions irrigate their cropland using water carried by irrigation ditches from nearby rivers. In agricultural process 70% of water using globally. Furrow irrigation method and overhead sprinkler irrigation methods mostly using in agriculture which are less expensive.It takes around 2000 to 3000 litres of water to produce enough food to satisfy one person's daily dietary needs. Global populations grow and it is demand for food increases in a world with the fixed water supply. There should be need to do efforts the way to learn how to produce more food with less water through improvements in irrigation methods and technologies, agricultural water management and crop types. Navigation and recreational useRivers provide travel routes for exploration, commerce and recreation. Through water way navigation made easy. Water transport are very precious and beneficial. Water also uses in recreational activities like boating, swimming, water skiers and water parks. Recreational uses may reduce the availability of water for other users at specific times and places. But these activities dangerous for water Heritage. Recreational activities make water dirty and release waste water in reservoirs. Recreational uses is usually non- consumptive. These are often targeted as using excessive amount of water is specially in dryer regions. This is largely due to the unavailability of reliable sources. Hydropower useHydroelectric facilities used the power of flowing water to turn turbines that produce electricity.  New technologies promise to increase the efficiency of power generation. Importance of water resourcesSources like rivers, Wells and lakes carry water and nutrients to areas all around the earth. Rivers play very important role in the water cycle rivers drain nearly 75% of the earth's land surface.Water resources provide habitat and food for many of the earth's organism, several plants and trees grow by rivers. Many animals and birds take food from rivers. The deltas of rivers have many different species of wildlife.Rivers are an important energy source. Several industries, Mills and factories are built near fast flowing rivers where water can be used to power machines.Water resources most important way to usage as navigation, recreations industries and agricultural work. Water  sources provide us hydroelectricity by dams.Conservation of water resourcesClean and fresh water is limited resource. Conserving water means using our waters supply wisely and be responsible. Every individual depends on water for livelihood we should keep our limited supply of water pure and away from pollution. If we keep our water supply safe and pure  it will protect the water for the generations to come. Almost 71% of the Earth is made up of water many parts of the world suffer from clean water shortage. Conserving water is important because it keeps water pure and clean while protecting the environment. Conservation of water involves refraining from water pollution. This requires the use of strategies that include reducing wastage, prevent damaging water quality and improve water management.In household like bathroom, kitchen, garden and outdoor we should less used and save water in better way. Educate your kids about smart use of water. Try involving your local schools and communities water conservation efforts. { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2020/09/water-resources-sources-uses-importance.html?m=1" }, "headline": "What are the Water Resources- Its sources, uses and importance", "description": "Water is life' it is universal truth because without water life is not possible. Water is natural resource. Water has used in household works, industries, agriculture, recreations and environmental activities.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2020-09-17", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    Essay on Global warming#
     Also read essay on TechnologyEssay on Global Warming IntroductionGlobal warming is extensive obstacle in the world. Whole world effected by the global warming . But these saying can never wrong  that global warming is creation of human activities . Industrialization, cutting of forests, melting glaciers and  air pollution are main causes of global warming.Climate change is natural process, but it also play major role to heating up weather. The earth is warming up and humans are also to blame. Global warming is the long term warming of the planets overall temperature. Though this warming  trend has been going on for a long time, its pace has significantly increased in the last hundreds years due to the burning of fossil fuels. Fossil fuel include coal, oil, and natural gas burning them known as "greenhouse effects" in earth atmosphere. Let's know how global warming increasing day by day.Greenhouse effectsGreenhouse effect is when the sun's rays penetrate the atmosphere but when that heat is reflected off the surface cannot back into space. Gases produced by the burning fossil fuels prevent the heat from leaving the atmosphere. These greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, water vapours, methane and nitrous oxide. These gases in the atmosphere has caused the average Global temperature to rise over time, known as a global warming.Climate change issuesGlobal warming has presented another issue called climate change. Climate change refers to change in weather patterns and growing seasons around the world. It is also referred to sea level rise caused by the enlargement of warmer seas, melting ice sheets and glaciers. Global warming causes climate change in which poses a serious threat to life  on earth in the form of widespread flooding and extreme weather. Scientists continue to study global warming and its impact on earth.Global warming due to regional variationAmount of global warming occurs due to varying by region. This is because of the larger heat capacity of oceans  because Ocean lose more heat by evaporation. Pattern of warming are independent of the locations of greenhouse gas discharge because gases persist long enough to diffuse across the planet. Melting of glaciers and ice sheets is the Arctic dispute disrupts Ocean circulation causing increased warming in some areas. Human activitiesHuman activities since  the industrial revolution mainly extracting and burning fossil fuels has increased the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. These activities like industrialisation, deforestation, burning fossil fuels and transport system, continues to increase in level of gases such as CO2, methane, tropospheric ozone and nitrous oxide.Change of land surfaceHumans change the Earth's surface mainly to create more agricultural land. The amount of forests land continuous to decrease and converting into crop land in the tropics. This deforestation is the most significant aspect of land surface change affecting  the global warming.Air pollutionPollution in the form of aerosols affects to human health and also affects the climate on a large scale. while aerosols typically limit global warming by reflecting sunlight that falls on snow or ice can contribute to global warming. This increases the absorption of sunlight it also increases, melting and sea level rise.Its Impact on nature and wildlifeThe major effects of global warming is on nature and wildlife because of deforestation several animals lost their Shelters and food. Nature has upheaval. Several species of trees, plants and animals destroyed. Whereas heat waves and drought and flooding have reduced ecosystem productivity in some regions. The future balance of these opposing effects is unclear. Climate change has contributed to the expansion of drier climate zones such as expansion of desert in the sub tropics. overall it is expected that climate change will result in the extinction of many species and reduced diversity of ecosystems. Impact on humansThe effects of climate change on humans mostly due to warming and shifts in precipitation have been detected worldwide. Human impacts include both the direct effects of extreme weather leading to injury and loss of life. As well as indirect effects such as under nutrition brought on by crop failures. Various infectious diseases are more easily transmitted in warmer climate such as dengue fever which affected children most severally and malaria. In small islands and mega deltas flooding from sea level rise is expected to threaten vital infrastructure and human settlements.How to reduce global warmingRaising awareness:-Effective action on climate change and health requires the engagement of the global health community, and the support of the general public. "WHO provides leadership, evidence-based information and training mate rials. and works with a range of partners. to promote effective climate and health policy".It is not entirely impossible to reduce or to stop global warming. global warming can be stopped with the combined efforts of both individuals and governments. Both have to take steps to achieving it. It can be begin with the reduction of greenhouse gases which destroying our planet the earth's ecosystem and environment. Government must regulate industrial waste and ban them emitting harmful gases in the air. Deforestation should be stopped and planting more trees must be encouraged.At last we can say virtually our Earth is in danger. To protect the earth, environment, ecosystem and lives we should be put step forward to achieve the goal.Read it- DeforestationParagraph on Global warmingGlobal warming means extremely heating up activities on the earth. We humans are responsible for global warming. Because if advance technology has lots of benefits then it is harmful too. Man made technology, vehicles, industries, machinery and Pollution takes it to the way of disasters. Glaciers are reducing day by day. Pollution, heating weather is the main cause of that. If it will not stop then it can enhances the danger for all living organisms. Due to lack of green house effects global warming is increasing. Plants and trees always make the environment clean and pure. Trees control the heat of Sun rays which reduces warm weather and keep balance in climate. That's why we live on the earth . In this changing world technology changes the human lifestyle which directly effect on nature. Industrial harmful smoke, traffic polution effects on nature and it decreases the ozone layer on atmosphere and direct harmful sun rays come on the earth surface. These sun rays enhances the global warming and put effects on human health. Due to direct sun rays people caught several types of skin diseases and another types of disease. For the protection of human life government should take steps forward to enhances the purity and cleanliness in our environment. It is possible then if individually people co-operate with government and protect the nature. People should do plant more trees and save old trees. Less use of vehicles are essential for healthy lifestyle for that people should use public transport. Industries and big factories should be far away from cities and living system. WHO provides a Comprehensive program  to protect health from climate risks and to ensure that action to mitigate the climate change also protect & improve people's health. The ultimate impact of climate change is on our most precious resource human lives and health. Ther is an opportunity to promote policies that both reduce carbon emissions and improve health. "WHO has worked on health protection from climate change for over 25 years. From  2008, WHO member states committed to a world health assembly resolution and a WHO work plan to strengthen the health response to this risk, through four objectives- 1. Raising awareness 2.Strengthening partnership  3.Enhancing scientific evidence  4.Implementing the health response". { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2020/09/essay-on-global-warming.html?m=1" }, "headline": "Essay on Global warming", "description": "Global warming is extensive obstacle in the world. Whole world effected by the global warming . But these saying can never wrong that global warming is creation of human activities . Industrialization, cutting of forests, melting glaciers and air pollution are main causes of global warming", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2020-09-10", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    Essay on Internet#
    Read also Essay on literacy Essay on InternetNow in this changing world internet spreads all over globally. Internet is the vast network that connects computers all over the world. Through the internet people can share information and communicate anywhere with an internet connection. The scope of internet is not limited now it becomes  need of individual. It helps people in every field of life. People gets knowledge about their interests through the mobiles, laptops, computers and tablets which is connected with internet. Google plays major role to runs internet. From kids to senior persons use internet to fulfill their needs. Students and kids use internet in the scope of education, service person, youngsters and old people use the internet according to their needs and interest. The Internet has made everyone's life very easy and simple as we no longer need to go outside for paying bill, watching movie, shopping, business and transactions etc. With the help of internet, we can use social media, search anything related to studies, jobs and business ete. we can easily make friends and talk to them with the help of social media like Facebook and Instagram etc. We can prepare our projects very easily and timely. Internet is now a huge library in which documents, files, pictures, video content can be easily viewed and read. Internet is providing directions and maps in few seconds.About internet systemThe internet is the Global system of interconnected computer networks. it is a network that consists of private, public, academic, business and government networks of local to global scope. The internet carries a vast range of information resources and services such as the interlinked hypertext documents and applications of the world wide web (www), electronic mail, telephony and file sharing. Invention of internetThe internet consists of technologies developed by different individuals and organisations. Important figures include Robert w. Taylor, who led the development of the ARPANET (an early prototype of the internet) and Vinton Cerf and Robert kahn, who developed the Transmission Control Protocol /internet protocol (TCP/IP) technologies.Features of internetMost traditional communication media including telephony, radio television, paper mail and newspapers are reshaped, giving birth to new services such as email, internet telephony, internet television, online music, digital newspaper and video streaming websites and online learning classes. newspaper, book and other printing publishing are adapting to website technology and redefined into blogging, web feeds and online news. The internet has enabled and accelerated new forms of personal interactions through instant messaging and social networking. Online shopping has grown both for major retailers and small businesses and entrepreneurs. Applications and services of internetThe internet carries many applications and services. Most prominently the world wide web including social media, email, mobile applications, multiplayer online games, internet telephony, file sharing and streaming media services.World wide web- The www global collection of documents, images, multimedia, applications and other resources logically interrelate by hyperlink and referenced with Uniform Resource Identifier(URLs) , which provide a global system of named references. The web has enabled individuals and organisations to publish ideas and information, advertising on popular web pages can be lucrative and e-commerce which does the sale of products and services directly via the web continues to grow.Communication-Email is the important communication service available via the internet. The concept of sending electronic text messages, pictures, documents and other files are send as email attachments. Internet telephone is common communication service realised with the internet.Data transfer- File sharing is an example of transferring large amounts of data across the internet. A computer file can be emailed to customers, colleagues and friends as an attachment. It can be uploaded to a website for file transfer protocol server for easy download by others. Streaming media-It is a real time delivery of digital media for the immediate consumption for enjoyment by users. Many radio and television broadcasters provide interest feeds of their live audio and video productions. Webcams-These are low cost extension of this phenomenon while some webcams can give full rate video, the pictures either is usually small or update fast. YouTube claims that its users watch hundreds of millions and upload hundreds of thousands of videos daily.Social impactIt is a risk for both individual and organisations writing posts on social networking websites. That is especially foolish or controversial posts occasionally lead to an unexpected and possibly large-scale backlash on social media from other internet users.Children also face dangers online such a cyber bullying and approaches by sexual Predator. Many parents choose to enable internet filtering and supervise their children's online activities in an attempt to protect their children from inappropriate material on the internet. The most popular social networking websites such as Facebook and Twitter formerly for users under the age of 13.Another area of leisure activity on the internet is multiplayer gaming this form of recreation communities near people of all ages enjoy the fast-paced war of multiplayer games. Group chatting,  video calls, social media sharing, online video streaming, and conference calls does work such as at a large scale of joints the communities.  Paragraph on InternetInternet is being basic need for all aspects of human life.  Internet can be defined as network which connects numerous computers from all around the world. Today's life is unimaginable without internet. The internet has a lots of information on various subjects. several websites provides detailed information about various fields . Death ingines Google and Yahoo help us in assessing the information easily. The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and devices. It is a network of networks that consists of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries a vast range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), electronic mail, telephony, and file sharing. The Internet provides a capability so powerful  that it can be used for almost any purpose that depends on information, and it is accessible by every individual who connects to one of its constituent networks. It supports human communication via social media, electronic mail (e-mail), “chat rooms,” newsgroups, and audio- video transmission and allows people to work collaboratively at many different locations. It supports access to digital information by many applications, including the World Wide Web. The Internet has proved to be a ground for a large and growing number of “e-businesses” that carry out most of their sales and services over the Internet. We can transfer money to any account within few minutes. Nowadays People doing work from Home through Internet. Along with so many advantages the internet has also some disadvantages. People steal the information  and use it for own benefits. But it is harmful to others.  Because Internet hackers does many types of wrong things with another people's information and data. They hack the important data and use it for own benefits. Many ciber-crimes like hacking and scamming have increasing with the use of Internet. The Internet has proven to be useful for mankind. Moreover life has become easier and faster with the internet. Although ther are disadvantages of the internet, the number of advantages  outweighs the disadvantages. We can make most out of it by following the prescribed rules and guidelines, while  using the internet.  { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2020/09/essay-on-internet.html?m=1" }, "headline": "Essay on Internet", "description": "Now in this changing world internet spreads all over globally. Internet is the vast network that connects computers all over the world. Through the internet people can share information and communicate anywhere with an internet connection.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2020-09-08", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    Essay on Technology#
    Also read essay on LiteracyEssay on TechnologyIn this 21st century technology is going on highest peak in the world. Technology means techniques, skills, methods and processes used in the production of goods or services such as scientific investigations. The simplest form of Technology is the development and use of basic tools. Development in historic time printing press, the telephone, computer and the internet have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed human to interact freely on a global scale.TECHNOLOGYEffects of TechnologyTechnology has many effects. It has helped to develop more advanced economies and has allowed the leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted products known as pollution and its use natural resources and damage of Earth's environment. Innovation have always influenced the value of a society and raised new questions in the ethics of Technology. Examples include the rise of the notion of efficiency in terms of human productivity and the challenges of bioethics.Types of TechnologyThere are different types of technology that are being used in today's world. eg. communication Technology, construction technology, product, medical, architecture, business, educational, informational, medical, robotics, space and agriculture Technology etc.Information technologyThe technology has a part of software and hardware tools utilised to process, transfer and store information. These tools of information Technology provide to the  individual with accurate and updated information at the right time. Educational technologyThe main motive of educational technology has enhancing the creativity of students. To make students all round developed by use and managing different technological resources and processes in a classroom in any learning field.Communication TechnologyIn reality communication is essential part of human's personal and professional life to express emotions, share information and exchange ideas etc. Communication Technology one of the most common Technology being used in our everyday life. It helps us in transmitting data or information by using various devices like telephone, radio, television and the internet.Medical Technologymedical Technology have vast field which related to human health. This is the most effective and beneficial type of Technology which improving and extending human life. Globally all developed countries adapted of this technology in their healthcare system. It comprises area like pharmaceutical and biotechnology to utilise the best researching diagnosing and treating diseases and infections.Agricultural TechnologyAgricultural machines playing excellent role in human life. These machines made work easiest for farmers whose always does physical hard work in summer, winter and rain like hard weather. Agricultural machines are created for almost stages of the farming and other agricultural processes.  This includes machines for packaging and sorting products, feeding livestock, threshing grains, harvesting crops protecting crops from weeds and pests, land irrigation, seed plantation and soil tilling.Advantages of TechnologyIn this modern society Technology take essential place in human life. Today's human life made technical. It has several advantages and disadvantages.a) Speed and efficiency of work increasing day by day.b) Employees should never have to waste time. They can store and share data in computers, laptops and mobiles.c) Businesses best their competitors by being able to respond to data and adapt to changes.d) With the growth of the freelancer economy these are expected to become the majority.e) Another advantage of new technology is that it allows companies to automate functions that previously required employees. Tasks like data entry and analytics, contact management can be completely automated. Which allows businesses to work more efficiently without the risk of human error.Disadvantages of TechnologyAnother side the evolution of modern technology has disadvantages. Modern human now depends on new technology. They have no longer needs to think. In some areas devices can replace the human mind. To taking benefits of calculator men no longer make mental calculations and no longer work his memory. It affects memory, attention spans and sleep cycle. The negative impact of the influence of Technology on children should not be underestimated as well. ConclusionFinally as most technological discoveries motive to reduce human efforts. It has made our lives easier and better to communication.  { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2020/09/essay-on-technology.html?m=1" }, "headline": "Essay on Technology", "description": "In this 21st century technology is going on highest peak in the world. Technology means techniques, skills, methods and processes used in the production of goods or services such as scientific investigations.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2020-09-05", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    Essay on literacy#
     Also read essay on TechnologyEssay on literacyIntroductionThe world has made steady progress in literacy in the past decades. Because globally millions of youth and adult people lack basic literacy skills and children and adolescents are not achieving minimum proficiency level of reading and mathematics. Literacy is most important in  the present century. This is the essential part of human life. Because illiterate people can never understand the values of present world. Now a day education has been as a weapon which leads to human on the way of success.World literacy dayWorld literacy day celebrated on 8th September every year globally to raise awareness and remind people of the importance of literacy as a matter of dignity and human rights. UNESCO at its general conference on 26 October in 1967 declared 8th September to be the international literacy day. literacy challenges persist with at least 773 million adults worldwide lacking basic literacy skills today. There is emerging need to revisit literacy teaching and learning for youth and adults as well as the role of educators.Theme of literacy dayInternational literacy day 2020 will focus on literacy teaching and learning in the covid-19 crisis and beyond with a focus on the role of educator's and changing pedagogies. Therefore mainly focus on youth and adult by exploring these question. International literacy day 2020 will provide an opportunity to reflect on and discuss how innovative and effective pedagogies and teaching methodologies can be used in youth and adult literacy programmes to face pandemic and beyond.Problems to be addressed Educators are at the  heart of promoting quality lifelong learning. If educators are motivated, trained, guaranteed decent working condition, satisfactorily and provided career prospect then youth and adult literacy programs can be more successful and lead to better learning and development outcomes. In many areas of secondary level of education are an even lower level is considered to be sufficient qualification for adult literacy educators. There are also programs that rely on volunteers with insufficient teaching skills. At the program level according to the GARLE IV some 75% of 107 countries who responded to the survey reported major improvements in the quality of adult learning and education which include adult literacy since 2015.ModernizationFuture literacy programs can also benefit from technological and scientific development including digital technology. Supported teaching and learning and adoption of the latest knowledge. even if educators are well trained and qualified achieving intended results through effective teaching may involve other challenges such as lack of appropriate materials and access to learning spaces as well as insufficient human or financial resources. Importance of literacylearning to read and write is a crucial part of a child's development. Reading and writing skill are essential for adults. Being literate means that people can understand and follow written instructions, find out information online or in books, write letters and emails. It's also means that a child or adult is able to participate fully in their community.Gender bias on literacyDespite tremendous progress over the past 20 years girls are still than boys to never set foot in a classroom. While girls are closing  the gender gap in out of school rates at global level inequality persist. According to UNESCO estimates 41% or 25 million of all out of school children of primary school age  have never attend school. Globally 273 million children adolscent and youth between the age of 6 and 17 are currently out of school.  CommunicationCommunication is a basic human right. An important part of communication is literacy. That's why we urge you to sign. The universal declaration of communication rights. By singing the pleasure you help bring attention to person with communication disorders and the professional that can help them.ConclusionInternational literacy day 2020 is opportune to revisit different approaches to literacy teaching and learning. The vital role that educators play in promoting quality literacy programs with a particular focus on youth and adult literacy. Learning lessons from initial responses to the covid-19 crisis and the wealth of knowledge accumulated across the world. { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2020/09/essay-on-literacy.html?m=1" }, "headline": "Essay on Literacy", "description": "The world has made steady progress in literacy in the past decades. Because globally millions of youth and adult people lack basic literacy skills and children and adolescents are not achieving minimum proficiency level of reading and mathematics. Literacy is most important in the present century.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2020-09-04", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    Essay on Teacher
    Essay on Teacher's day#
     Also read essay on literacyEssay on Teacher's dayIntroduction:In India Guru Purnima is traditionally observed as a day to venerate teachers.  The birthday of the second President Dr. S Radhakrishnan is also celebrated as Teacher's day since 1962. In our country lots of National and international days celebrated but teachers day is one of them. which is very special for everyone because our teachers give us Life's education. Without teacher we can never be educated. By the way human beings first teacher is their mother. Who teaches to her child every aspect of life. A mother teach her child to be wise, educated and strong. But the role of a teacher in human life is authentic.Role of a teacher:We all know our teacher in our life take place first because a teacher provide us to way the success. A teacher give us bookish knowledge, skill levels, confidence, moral values and teach us how to be an obedient person. A teacher take tests of students to know that at which height they stand. They are assessment to their knowledge so that students can achieve their goals. A good teacher always motivate to their students to grow in life.Teachers day celebration:In India Teachers day celebrated at 5th September. But another countries celebrate it on different days. The teacher's day celebrated on the memory of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's birthday. In this days students gives gifts to their teachers and functions are organised by students and teachers in the school. Students take part in many activities like dance, singing song, plays, dramas etc. Competitions held in schools to all over development of students. About Dr. S Radhakrishnan:Dr. S Radhakrishnan was born in 5th September 1888 at Thiruthani (Madras). His father's name was Sarvepalli veeraswamy and mother's name was Sarvepalli Sita. She was great Indian leader, academic, philosopher and teacher. Who was first vice President of India and second President of India. In his academic career he got higher education and become a great teacher and philosopher in India. Read also : essay on Dr. S RadhakrishnanRead also: Essay on TechnologyInternational Teachers day:The idea of celebrating Teachers day to place in many countries during 19th century. They celebrate a local educator on an important milestone in education. This is the primary reason why countries celebrate this day on different dates. A Teacher is one of the most important pillar of our society. International Teacher's day or world Teacher's day celebrated on 5th October every year. World Teachers day is observed by gifting the teachers a present and thank you card and poems, quotes are also given as a sign of appreciation. Many countries celebrate world Teacher's day established by UNESCO in 1994 on 5 October as their Teacher's day          Celebration of teachers day around the world are more or less the same. Students provides gifts to their teachers and host various programs to honour the contribution of teachers.Teachers as an ideal:Students look forward to teachers day with great enthusiasm and zeal due to the sheer spirit of the occasion. On this day students realise what it means to be a teacher and what responsibilities of a teacher bears. It is an equal special for them. Teacher's day is another way to provide encouragement and support to the teachers to make them feel their devotion towards students is appreciated.Teacher student relationship:Teacher student tradition is an important and sacred part of the culture of India. Many golden examples of that which are recorded in history. The teacher is like a gardener who decorates a garden with different coloured flowers. Which motivates students towards smiling even on thorns. Today  all government efforts are being to make education assessable to every household. A teacher builds good character in a student.Conclusion of teacher's day:All of us have been students some day and have benefited from our teachers. Celebration of teacher's day wonderful opportunity to show our gratitude to our teachers. Teacher's day is the most important day of the country. Teachers are strongest pillars of society who lead to them to the way of success. It's a great honour to every teacher who plays priceless role among society. Also read essay on literacyShort essay on Teachers day1. Teachers day celebrated on 5th September.2. It is celebrated in the memory of Dr s Radhakrishnan. He was born on 5th September 1888.3.He was great leader, philosopher and teacher.4. In this day students gives cards and gifts to their teachers.5. In schools small programs and functions are organised.6. Students participate in activities like songs, poems, drawing and plays.7. In this day sports competition are held.8. Students pay tribute to their teachers.9. Winner students got prizes.10. This is the best National day of our country. Quotes on Teachers day* "The true teachers are those who help us think for ourselves."* "When we think we know we cease to learn."* "Man is the paradoxical being the constant glory and scandal of this world."* "God lives, feels and suffers in everyone of us and in course of time his attributes knowledge beauty and love will be revealed in each of US."* "Teachers plant the seed of knowledge that last a lifetime."* "A teacher takes a hand, opens a mind and touches a heart."* "Without teachers life would have no class."* "Dear teacher thanks for making us what we are today. Happy Teachers day."* "The teachers should be the best mind in the country." { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2020/08/essay-on-teachers-day.html?m=1" }, "headline": "Essay on Teacher's day", "description": "In India Guru Purnima is traditionally observed as a day to venerate teachers. The birthday of the second President Dr. S Radhakrishnan is also celebrated as Teacher's day since 1962. In our country lots of National and international days celebrated but teachers day is one of them.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2020-08-29", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    What is Reduce, Reuse and Recycle and recycling facts Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    What is Reduce, Reuse and Recycle and recycling facts#
    Also read essay on TechnologyAlso read: soil formationWhat is Reduce, Reuse and RecycleWe know that reduce reuse and recycle that term lead us to the way of savings. Throughout this we can save our energy sources, money and environment. But remember for this purpose we should reduce the use of energy sources example electricity, water and another energy sources. When we reuse things like bottles, bags, papers, we can save money. Recycling now became slogan in the present world. Recycling is the best way of savings let's learn what are these:What is reduceTo reduce is to make something smaller or to become or feel smaller example when you to sell off half of your doll collection your actions are an example of reduce.Reduce is to limit the amount of waste you create in the first place this includes buying products with less packaging.How do we reducea) Use cloth napkins instead of paper napkin.b) Use dish cloth instead of paper towel.c) Buy durable goods once that are well built or that carry good warranties. They will last longer save money in the long run and save landfill space.d) Avoid disposable goods such as paper plates cups, napkins and lighters. Throwaway contribute to the problem and cost more because they must be replaced again and again.e) Avoid over packaged goods especially one packed with several material such as foil, paper and plastic. These are difficult to recycle and you pay more for the packaging. f) Avoid to waste water which is life on the earth and less use of electricity.What is reuseReuse means to use something again that you normally throw away example glass jar for food, plastic bags for bin liners.Also read: environmentReuse make it economic and environmental sense to reuse producta) Reuse grocery bags or bring your own cloth bags to store. Do not take a bag from the store unless you need one.b) Reuse plastic bags, bottles and boxes for Carry things.c) Reuse old clothes to make cushion cover, footmates and carpets etc.d) Reuse waste materials, plastic materials to make craft work.e) Reuse old furniture, appliances and toys by repairing them.f) sell old clothes, appliances, toys,  furniture in garage sales or donate them to charity.What is recyclingrecycling is taking trash that we no longer need and turning it into new products. There are many things that can be recycled. Plastic, glass, metal, paper and electronics are material that can be recycled. Many things are made from these materials soda can, plastic, milk cartons, newspapers, old computers and cardboard boxes can be recycled. These products can be easily recycled.Why should we recycleThere are many reasons we should recycle.  When things are recycled this process produce less trash. It means there is less dumps and landfills. When we recycled we use things over and over again. This protects Earth's natural resources. Recycling causes less pollution than creating new items. This helps to keep environment clean and green.The recycling loopThe recycling loop is a symbol for recycling. These three arrows  form a loop. Each Arrow represents a different steps in recycling. One arrow represents collecting things to recycle. The next loop is for processing the old materials and making new things. The third Arrow is for buying items which are made from recycled materials. Each step is very importantThe recycling facts by EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) * If everyone recycled just 10% of their newsprint, we would save 25 million trees a year.* Recycling one aluminium can save energy to run a TV set for 3 hours or a light bulb  for 20 hours.* Aluminium can be recycled from cans, bicycle, computers, cookware, cars, wires, planes and other sources.* Recycled  aluminium uses only 5% of the energy that is needed to make a new aluminium.* Recycling 1 ton of paper saves 17 trees 7000 gallons of water, 3 cubic yard of landfill space two barrels of oil, and 4100 kilowatt-hours of electricity.* Recycling paper instead of making it from new material generates 74% less air pollution and uses 50%  less water.* Producing recycled paper requires about 60% of the energy used to make paper from virgin wood pulp.Also read: earth { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2020/08/reduce-reuse-and-recycle.html?m=1" }, "headline": "What is Reduce, Reuse and Recycle and recycling facts", "description": "We know that reduce reuse and recycle that term lead us to the way of savings. Throughout this we can save our energy sources, money and environment. But remember for this purpose we should reduce the use of energy sources example electricity, water and another energy sources. When we reuse things like bottles, bags, papers, we can save money.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2020-08-25", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    Essay Dr. s Radhakrishnan#
     Essay on Dr. S RadhakrishnanIntroduction:We always celebrate Teachers day on 5th September at memory of dr. S Radhakrishnan. He was an Indian leader, philosopher, teacher, academic and  statesman,who served as the first vice President of India and the second President of India. He had many achievements in the field of education.Birth or early life:Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born in Niyogi Brahmin family in 5 September 1888. His birthplace is Thiruthani of Chittoor district of Madras. His father's name was Sarvepalli veeraswamy and his mother's name Sarvepalli Sita (Sitamma). His family hails from Sarvepalli village in  Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. His early years was spend in Thiruthani. His father was a subordinate revenue official in the service of a local zamindar.Education:His primary education was at K.V High school at Thiruthani. In 1896 he moved to the hermannsburg Evangelical Lutheran mission school in Tirupati and Government High secondary school walajapet. Radhakrishnan was awarded scholarships throughout his academic life. He joined Voorhees college in Vellore. After his F.A class he joined the Madras Christian College at the age of 17. He graduated from there in 1906 and also finished his masters from the same college. Radhakrishnan studied philosophy.Marriage and family:Radhakrishnan was married to Sivakamu at the age of 16. They had five daughters and a son Sarvepalli Gopal. Sarvepalli Gopal went on to a notable career as a historian. Academic career:In April 1919 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was appointed to the department of philosophy at the Madras presidency College.in 1918 he was selected as professor of philosophy by the University of Mysore. In 1921 he was appointed as a professor in philosophy at the University of Calcutta. In 1929 Radhakrishnan was invited to take the post vacated by principal J Estlin carpenter and Manchester college. He was vice chancellor of Andhra University from 1931 to 1936.Political life:Radhakrishnan started his political career late in life after his successful academic career. When India became independent in 1947, Radhakrishna represented India at UNESCO (1946 to 1952) and was later ambassador of India to the Soviet union from 1949 to 1952.Radhakrishnan was elected as the first vice President of India in 1952 and elected as second President of India 1962 to 1967.Teachers day:when he became the President of India some of his friends and students requested him to allow them to celebrate his birthday on 5 September. He replied instead of celebrating my birthday it would be my proud if 5th September is observed as 'Teacher's' day in India.Also read: essay on Teacher's dayDeath:He died at age of 86 years in 17 April 1975 in Chennai. Radhakrishnan believed that "Teachers should be the best minds in the country" Famous quotes by Radhakrishnan* "A life of joy and happiness is possible only on the basis of knowledge".* "Let us do everything for the nation first! India first! That way we will rise above division and differences."* "You can't cross the sea nearly by standing and staring at the water".* "Cultivation of mind should be the ultimate aim of human existence".* "Keep on beginning and failing. Each time you fail, start all over again and you will grow stronger until you have accomplished a purpose not the one you began with perhaps but one you will be glad to remember". { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2020/08/essay-dr-s-radhakrishnan.html?m=1" }, "headline": "Essay Dr. s Radhakrishnan", "description": "We always celebrate Teachers day on 5th September at memory of dr. S Radhakrishnan. He was an Indian leader, philosopher, teacher, academic and statesman,who served as the first vice President of India and the second President of India. He had many achievements in the field of education.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2020-08-21", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    What are Resources and development and types of it Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    What are Resources and development and types of it#
    Read also: Water ResourcesWhat is Resources and DevelopmentEverything available in our environment which can be used to satisfy our needs provided. It is technological accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable can be termed as 'resource'.The process of transformation of things available in our environment involves an interactive relationship between Nature technology and institutions. Human being interact with nature through technology and create institutions to accelerate their economic development. Types of resourcesResources functions of human activities. Human beings themselves are essential component of resources. They transform material available in our environment into the sources and use them. These resources can be classified in the following ways:-(a) on the basis of origin: biotic and abiotic(b) on the basis of exhaustibility: renewable and nonrenewable(c) on the basis of ownership: individual, community, National and international(d) on the basis of status of development: potential, developed, stock and reserves.(a) On the basis of origin1. Biotic resourcesThese are obtained from biosphere and have life. For example: human beings flora and fauna fisheries etc.2. Abiotic resourcesAll those things which are composed of non living things are called abiotic resources. For example: rocks and metals. (b) on the basis of exhaustibility1. Renewable resourcesThe resources which can be renewed or reproduced by physical, chemical and mechanical processes are known as renewable or replenishable resources. For example: solar and wind energy, water, forest and wildlife etc.2. Non renewable resourcesThese occur over a very long geological time for example minerals and fossil fuels. These resources take millions of years in their formation some of the resources like metals are recyclable and some like fossil fuels cannot be recycled and get exhausted with their use.(c) on the basis of ownership1. Individual resourcesThese are also owned  privately by individuals. Many farmers own land which is allotted to them by government against the payment of revenue. In villages there are people with land ownership but there are many who are landless.Urban people own plots, houses and other property plantation pasture lands , water in Wells etc. are some of the examples of resources ownership by individuals.2. Community owned resourcesThere are resources which are accessible to all the members of community, village commons- ground, ponds, public park, picnic spots, playgrounds in urban areas are the factor accessible to all the people living there.3. National resourcesOld resources belong to the nation. The country has legal powers to acquire even private property for public good. You might have seen roads, canals, Railways being constructed on fields owned by some individuals.Urban development authorities get empowered by the government to acquire land. All the minerals, water resources, forests, wildlife, land within the political boundaries and oceanic area upto 12 nautical miles (22.2km) from the  cost t termed as territorial water and resources there in belong to the nation.4. International resourcesThere are international institutions which regulate some resources.The oceanic resources beyond 200 nautical miles of the exclusive economic zone belong to open and no individual country can utilise these without the concurrence of international institutions.d) on the basis of status of development1. Potential resourcesResources which are found in a region but have not utilised for example the western part of India particularly Rajasthan and Gujarat have enormous potential for the development of wind and solar energy but so far this have not be developed properly.2. Developed resourcesResources which are surveyed and their quality and quantity have been determined for utilisation. The development of resources depends on technology and level of their feasibility.3. StockMaterials in the Environment  which have the potential to satisfy human needs but human beings do not have the appropriate technology to access. These are included among stock for example water is a compound of two gases hydrogen and oxygen. Hydrogen can be used as a rich source of energy but we do not have advanced technology know how to use it for this purpose and it can be considered as stock.4. ReserveReserves are the subsets of the stock which can be put into use with the help of existing technical 'know how' but their use has not been started. This can be used for meeting future requirement.River water can be used for generating hydroelectric power but presently it is being utilised only to a limited extent.Thus the water in the dams, forest etc. is a reserve which can be used in the future. { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2020/07/resources-and-development-introduction.html?m=1" }, "headline": "What are Resources and development and types of it", "description": "Everything available in our environment which can be used to satisfy our needs provided. It is technological accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable can be termed as 'resource'.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2020-07-22", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    How Rivers are formed, types and features of rivers Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    How Rivers are formed, types and features of rivers#
    Also read essay on Dr. S RadhakrishnanAlso read EnvironmentHow Rivers are formedIntroductionA river is a natural flowing water course usually fresh water flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. At some places a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching at another water body. Rivers are part of the hydrological cycle. Water generally collects in a river from precipitation through a drainage basin and other sources such as groundwater spring and the release of stored water in natural ice and snow packs. example from glaciers.A river or a stream is a body of flowing water. The place from where a river originates is called its source. The end point of the river where meets a large body of water such as a sea or an ocean is known as its mouth. The course of river can be divided into three stages:(a) The upper course(b) The middle course(c) The lower courseThe shape of the river valley changes as the river flows through these three courses .The speed of the flow of the river also changes as an agent of gradation.The upper courseIn this region, a river usually flows   through mountainous regions. The volume of water is not much. But the gradient  being steep, the water flows swiftly, and its eroding and transporting power are at the maximum. In its upper reaches, a river may wind between a series of Hills. Valleys formed by the river are narrow and steep sided. Water is often slowed by the Rough river bed, though there maybe fast flowing rapids and waterfalls.The river in this course develops typical land forms:1. Gorge or I- shaped valley: When a river flows through a mountainous region made up of hard rock with little rainfall, most of the energy of the river is spent in down-cutting action, resulting in a narrow valley with almost vertical walls. The Indus river and many tributaries of the Ganga  flow through many deep gorges.A gorge of a magnified size is known as a canyon. For example, grand canyon of river Colorado in U.S.A.2. V-shaped valley: When a river flows through a mountainous region made up of relatively soft rock with plenty of rainfall, the sides or the banks of the river are easily eroded and widened by increase in volume of the river water from time to time, resulting in a V-shaped valley.3. Waterfall: A waterfall is a steep descent of a river over a rocky ledge .When the river waterfalls down almost vertically from a sufficient height along the  course of the river, it forms a waterfall.When a river flows from hard rock to soft rock, the softer rock is easily eroded forming a ledge over which the river falls. As the waterfalls over the ledge, it creates a depression  known as a plunge pool.The middle courseIn the middle course,  the river enters the plain. As the gradient decreases, the flow of the river slows down and so does its energy. The volume of water increases considerably. As the slope flattens, the river cuts less into its riverbed. Instead its widen its banks and its riverbed, giving rise to U-shape valley. The river's flow is less turbulent as the land becomes less steep at its middle level. Tributaries join it, increasing its level of water and allowing it to run easily over shallower ground.The main work of the river is to transport sediment. The river in the middle course develops some typical land forms:1. Flood plain: A flood plain is the low flat  area  of land on either side of a river. It can be found in the middle course .2. Meanders : As the gradient is almost flat the river's movement becomes, and it develops S-shaped meanders. where such meanders occur, the river can be described as a meandering river. "Meander" means too wander.3. Ox-bow lake : An ox bow lake is produced when a meander forms almost a complete circle with a narrow neck. Sometime this narrow neck is cut by the river as it flow straight.The water follows the shorter rout leaving the broader meander loop abandoned.This meander loop filled with water converted into lake is known as Ox-bow lake.4. Braided river: When a river carries an enormous amount of load, it is unable to carry it, all the way to its mouth. This causes the river to divide into many networks of channels forming island in the river channel. Such a river is known as a braided river. The river is very useful in this stage. It is used for navigation and transportation. It supplies water for irrigation.The lower courseIn this stage the river flows considerably slow. This is because the gradient almost flat. The river also flows sluggishly due to the heavy load it is carrying. The main work of the river here is that of deposition. By the time it reaches its lower levels, the river has widened enormously. The steeper valleys of upper and middle section give way to wider flood-plains, often finishing in an estuary or delta. The river in this course develops typical land forms.1. Delta (△) : A delta is a triangular piece of land that develops at the mouth of a river by the deposition of sediment. This name was first used to describe the delta of the Nile. The river has less energy to cut into the land. it can no longer carry the heavy load of sea, a new land is formed known  as delta. The Ganga- Brahmaputra delta is one of the largest deltas of the world.2. Distributary: When sediments built along the river's main channel, the channel get blocked and the river is forced to divide into branches called distributaries.3. Estuary : Many rivers do not form delta especially along rocky coast. Instead they have a narrow, gradually widening bay at the mountain cutting deep island. Such a funnel-shaped  opening at the mouth of a river is known as an estuary.Features of rivers:Rivers and streamsRivers and streams are often considered major features within a landscape, however they actually only around 0.1 % of the land on earth. They are made more obvious and significant to humans by the fact that many human cities and civilization are built around the fresh water supplied by rivers and streams. Most of the cities of the world are situated on the bank of rivers as those used to as source of water. Subsurface streamMost of rivers flow on the surface. Subterranean rivers flow underground in caves. Such rivers are frequently found in regions with limestone geologic formations. Subglacial streams are the braided rivers too that flow at the beds of glaciers and ice sheets because of the gradient in pressure due to the overlying weight of the glacier such streams can even flow uphills.Permanence of flowAn intermittent river only flow occasionally and can be dry for several years at a time. These rivers are found in regions with limited or highly variables rainfall because of geological conditions such as a highly permeable riverbed.Uses of riversRivers have been a source of food since prehistory. They are often a rich source of fish and other edible aquatic life and are source of freshwater. Which  can be used for drinking and irrigation. Rivers also provide an easy means of disposing of waste water.NavigationRivers have been used for navigation for thousands of years. The earliest evidence of navigation is found in the Indus valley civilization. Which existed in North Western India around 3300 BC. these navigation provides a cheap means of transport and is still used extensively on major rivers of the world. Like the Amazon, the Ganges,  the Nile,  the Mississippi and the Indus. Indian rivers like the Ganga, the Brahmaputra, the Krishna, the Kaveri, the Yamuna and the Mahanadi.Source of energyFast flowing rivers and waterfalls are widely used as source of energy via water mills and hydroelectric plants. The coarse sediment, gravel and sand generated and moved by rivers are extensively used in construction. Rivers are often managed and controlled to make them more useful or less disruptive to human activity. -dams may be built to control the flow, store water or extract energy.-Canals connect rivers to one another for water transfer or navigation. { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2020/03/rivers-introduction-types-and-features.html?m=1" }, "headline": "How Rivers are formed, types and features of rivers", "description": "A river is a natural flowing water course usually fresh water flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. At some places a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching at another water body. Rivers are part of the hydrological cycle.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2020-03-23", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
    How Soil Forms its stages and types of soil Ritusacademy RSS Feed RITUSACADEMY RSS FEED | RITUSACADEMY.COM EDUCATION EDUCRATSWEB
    How Soil Forms its stages and types of soil#
    Read also: DeforestationSOIL FORMATIONHow soil forms and it's stagessoil formation as regulated by the effects of place, environment and history. Biochemical processes act to both create and destroy order with soil. These alteration lead to the development of layers, formed soil horizon, distinguished by differences in colour, structure, texture and chemistry. These features occur in patterns of soil type distribution forming in response to differences in soil forming factors. The soil develops through a series of changes. The starting point is weathering of freshly accumulated parent material. new soil increase in depth by a combination of weathering and deposition. Soil formation is formed by the physical, chemical, and biological changes that take place continuously in the soil layer. Formation of soil can be divided into three stages:1. Stage -1 : Soil formation begins with the breaking down of rocks at the surface. The process of breaking down of rocks is known as weathering. Weathering may be by mechanical or chemical means.2. Stage - 2: Due to weathering and organic layer develops. Bacteria and other micro organic materials form the humus.3. Stage -3: Humus helps loose to soil grains to stay together and also make the soil more fertile.While soils are usually formed by weathering of rocks it may also be formed deposition of material by agents of gradation. Alluvial soils in river valleys and deltas are formed by this process.     All over the world, there are different varieties of soil. Parent rock , climate, topography, vegetation cover are some of the important factors which are responsible for developing different types of soil are found depending upon different factors.The major types of soils found  in India are: 1. Alluvial soils 2. Black soils 3. Red soils 4. laterite soils 5. Mountain soils 6. Desert soils.1. Alluvial soils :There are found over large parts of the country. Most of soils are derived from the sediments deposited by rivers.These are very fertile soils.2. Black soils : Black soils cover about 16% of the total geographical area of the country. The Black soils have been formed due to the weathering  of the lava spread over large areas during volcanic activity in the Deccan plateau.Cotton is the most important crop which is grown in the Black soils.3. Red soils : These cover about 10% of the total geographical area of the country . Most of the red soils have been formed due to weathering of metamorphic rocks.4. Laterite soils : The laterite soils have been formed as a result of intense leaching . The soils are suitable for growing plantation crops like tea, coffee, rubber etc.5. Mountain soils: Mountain soils are not mature soils. They are found in the mountainous areas of India like Himalayas.6. Desert soils: Deserts soils are dry soils and are found in the Thar Desert.Parent materialThe mineral material from which a soil forms is called parent material. Rock whether its origin is igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic is the source of soil mineral material and origin of all plant nutrients with exceptions of nitrogen, hydrogen and carbon. As the parent material is chemically and physically weathered, transported, deposited and precipitated, it is formed into soil. ClimateThe climate variables influencing soil formation are effective precipitation and temperature both of which affect the rates of chemical, physical and biological processes. Climate is dominant factor in soil formation and soils shows the distinctive characteristics of the climate zones in which they forms with a feedback to climate through transfer of carbon stopped in soil horizons back to the atmosphere.OrganismEach soil has a unique combination of microbial, plants, animals and human influences acting upon it. Micro organism are particularly influential in the mineral transformations critical to the soil forming process.Erosion"Erosion is the wearing away of rocks on the surface of the earth by agents like running water, moving ice, wind and waves."Weathering and erosion take place almost everywhere and at all the time. Sometimes one process is more prominent than the other. The rate of weathering and erosion depends on the following factors:1. Temperature and rainfall2. Vegetation cover3. Change in land use4. Slope of the land5. Type of soilweathering and erosion are continuous processes and are responsible for changing the land surface features like mountains, hills, plateaus and plains.The processes of weathering and erosion are called denudation.Agents of denudation: running water, wind, glaciers and waves are the major agents of denudation.1. Land forms made by windwork of wind is more prominent in desert areas where soil particles are loose due to  lack of moisture and vegetation. A deflation hollow and sand dunes are the most important land forms made by the wind.1) Removal of sand through deflation leads to the formation of large depressions in the desert such depressions are called deflation hollows.2) A Sand dune is the most important feature formed by the depositional work of wind. A dune is a hill or a mound of sand deposited by the wind.Deposition of transported particles takes place when an obstacle lies in the path of the wind or due to a decrease in the velocity of the wind.2.Land forms made by glaciersGlaciers modify the landscape in a number of ways.They erode the surface, transport and deposit materials of all sizes ranging from boulders and sand to fine silt.A glacier is a huge mass of ice that moves slowly down a mountain valley. It is made up of compact and recrystallized snow. They occur in the areas having a permanent cover of snow and ice.Erosional work of glaciers: In a glacier the movement of ice is unequal.The top of the ice much faster than its bottom and the ice in the center also moves faster than the ice along the sides of the glacier. The cracks that appear on the glacier because of the splitting up of ice as a result of its unequal movement are known as 'crevasses'.Mountain glaciers cannot dig a new valley but deepen, straighten as well as widen the pre- existing valley by eliminating irregularities during its passage. Such a through has steep sides and wider floor. Because of its typical shape, it is called a u- shaped valley.Cirque: A cirque is an armchair shaped depression with a steep back wall. Circular or oval in shape these depressions occur near the summit regions of the mountains.It is formed due to the down slope movement of the glacier and the intensive shattering of the upland slopes. Process of plucking operates on the back wall thus making it steep and the movement of ice abrades the floor to make it smooth. Thus the depression is deepened into a steep horse-shoe shape.Depositional work of a glacier: moraines are the result of depositional work of the glaciers. A mound of unsorted Rock material left behind by a glacier is called a moraines. Moraines appear as Long ridges or hills on an otherwise flat landscape.Also read : Rivers3. Land forms made by sea wavesThe sea is an active agent of gradation in coastal areas. Waves constantly act on the coast and change its shape. Even the hardest rock is under cut and broken into fragments by the impact of the sea waves.Erosional work: The erosional action of sea waves leads to formation of cliffs, caves, inlets and sea arches.1.Cliff: A cliff has a steep slope facing the sea. In the beginning the sea waves cut a groove in the rock at sea level.This groove keeps on widening with the passage of time.2.Sea arch: If the rock formation along a coast differs in resistance, softer Rocks and eroded first and harder rocks stand about forming distinctive coastal pictures as arches.3. Sea stack: Continued erosion of the headland may cause the arch to fall in,leaving behind an isolated column known as a sea stack.Depositional work of sea waves: Sea waves are also responsible for depositional features such as beaches, sandbars and lagoons.1. Beach: A beach is formed due to the deposition of sand, gravel and pebbles on the shore between the low tide level and the coastline. Marina Beach in Chennai is one of the famous beaches in India.2. Sandbars: Sometimes deposits of sand and gravel get built up on the sea floor parallel to the coastline not far from it. These narrow elongated deposits of sand are called sand bars.3. Lagoon: If a sandbar grows in size and cuts off a portion of Sea from the main body of water, a saltwater lake is formed along the coast it is known as a lagoon.Lagoons are connected to the open so through narrow outlet.  On the Malabar coast India there are a number of lagoons. chilka lake in odisha and pulicat lake in tamilnadu are two famous lagoons on the sea coast. { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "BlogPosting", "mainEntityOfPage": { "@type": "WebPage", "@id": "https://www.ritusacademy.com/2020/02/soil-formation.html?m=1" }, "headline": "How Soil Forms its stages and types of soil", "description": "soil formation as regulated by the effects of place, environment and history. Biochemical processes act to both create and destroy order with soil. These alteration lead to the development of layers, formed soil horizon, distinguished by differences in colour, structure, texture and chemistry.", "image": "", "author": { "@type": "Person", "name": "Ritusacademy" }, "publisher": { "@type": "Organization", "name": "", "logo": { "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "" } }, "datePublished": "2020-02-13", "dateModified": "2021-03-28" }
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