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Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 14 August 2020



Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 13 August 2020


Q1 International authorities proudly declared that India should “celebrate” the increase in tigers from about 2,000 in 1970 to about 3,000 now. This is an annual growth rate lower than 1% after 50 years of incredible, sometimes heroic, efforts. With respect to the global tiger forum (GTF),which of the following statements stands true ?

1)The Global Tiger Forum (GTF) is an inter-governmental and international body established with members from willing countries to embark on a worldwide campaign, common approach, promotion of appropriate programmes and controls to save the remaining five sub-species of tigers in the wild distributed over 14 tiger range countries of the world.
2) Formed in 1994 with its secretariat at New Delhi, GTF is the only inter-governmental & international body campaigning to save the TIGER worldwide.
3) One of the primary objectives of the forum include to promote eco-development programmes with the participation of the communities living in and arou

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Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 14 August 2020


Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 13 August 2020

::NATIONAL::

CJI asks government to include more languages in governance

  • Chief Justice of India Sharad A. Bobde has said that the government should consider amending the Official Languages Act of 1963 to include more vernacular languages in governance, and not just confine it to Hindi and English.
  • The court was hearing an appeal filed by the Union of India challenging the legality of a Delhi High Court judgment of June 30 to translate the draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) notification of 2020 into all 22 vernacular languages in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution.
  • The High Court had reasoned that the EIA concerned environmental restrictions on building, expansion and modernisation of major infrastructure projects across the country. 
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(QUIZ) Polity MCQs : Outstanding features of the Indian Constitution




(QUIZ) Polity MCQs : Outstanding features of the Indian Constitution



1. Match the following:

  Constitutional features                                 Sources
A. Procedure established by law                    (i)    South Africa
B. Federal structure of Government              (ii)    Irish Constitution
C. Directive Principles of State policy             (iii)    U.S.A.
D. Constitutional Amendment                       (iv)    British Constitution

(a) A-(i) B-(ii) C-(iii) D-(iv)
(b) A-(ii) B-(iii) C-(i) D-(iv)
(c) A-(iv) B-(iii) C-(ii) D-(i)
(d) A-(iv) B-(ii) C-(iii) D-(i)

2.Match the following:

  Constitutional features                                   Sources
 A. Emergency provision            

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(QUIZ) Polity MCQs : Directive Principles of State Policy




(QUIZ) Polity MCQs : Directive Principles of State Policy



1.Consider the following statements in the context of Directive principles of state policy.

1) Directive principle of state policy are contained in Part III of the Indian Constitution in Art. 37-51.
2) The idea of DPSP was borrowed from the constitution of Ireland.
3) Constitution of India declares that DPSPs are “fundamental in the governance of the country” (Art. 37).
4) Both the Legislature and the Executive should apply DPSPs while making and implementing policies in social & economic spheres.
Which of the statement given above is / are correct.
a) 1 only 
b) 1, 2 & 4 only
c) 2, 3 & 4 only 
d) All of the above

2.Which one of the following is an incorrect statement.

a) The Word ‘socialist’ was incorporated into the preamble by the 42nd Amendment Act 1976.
b) The 73rd & 74th Amendment Act in 1997 with Panchayat and Nagarapalika bodies being given constitutional status.
c) 86th Amendment Act of 2002 changed the subject matter of Article 45 made elementary education of fundamental right under Article 21.
d) To promote equal justice and to

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(QUIZ) Polity MCQs : Fundamental Rights




(QUIZ) Polity MCQs : Fundamental Rights



1.Consider the following statements.

A right is a legal claim that a citizen or any other individual is granted by the constitution or any statute.
Rights are the essence of democracy as they empower the individuals & enable to develop.
Rights are associated with equality in contemporary times & estabish a level playing field among the people.
Right to education became fundamental right by the insertion of Art 21A by the constitution 86th Amendment Act 2002.
Which of the above statement are incorrect.
1 & 2 only 
1 & 3 only
2 & 3 only 
4 None of the above

2.Consider the following statements.

Natural rights are universal rights which are inherent in every individual being a part of human nature.
Civil rights are the rights that a citizen of a country enjoy & are conferred by the constitution or the law of the country.
Article 15, 16, 19, 20 & 29 in the Chapter on Fundamental Rights in the Indian constitution (Part III) are available to Indian citizen only.
Human Rights are contained in United Nations universal declaration of Human Rights 1948.
Which of the above statement is / are

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(Audio Notes) Topic: "Discussion on platform for “Transparent Taxation- Honouring the Honest” " 14,August 2020


Current Affairs Daily Voice Notes

Spotlight/News Analysis (14,August 2020):

  • Topic of Discussion: Discussion on platform for “Transparent Taxation- Honouring the Honest”
  • Participants : Gobind Lal  (Principal Commissioner for Income Tax);Sunil Bakshi (Chartered Accountant);Sonu Sood(AIR Correspondent) 
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(Audio Notes) Topic: "An interview with BSNL Chennai Chief General Manager V. Munindra Nath on submarine optical fibre cable connectivity between Chennai and Andaman Nicobar island " 12,August 2020


Current Affairs Daily Voice Notes

Spotlight/News Analysis (12,August 2020):

  • Topic of Discussion: An interview with BSNL Chennai Chief General Manager V. Munindra Nath  on submarine optical fibre cable connectivity between Chennai and Andaman Nicobar island
  • Interviewer : Jai Singh (AIR Correspondent) 

Player-1 (English)

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(Audio Notes) Topic: "Discussion on inauguration of submarine optical fibre connectivity in the Andaman Nicobar island " 11,August 2020


Current Affairs Daily Voice Notes

Spotlight/News Analysis (11,August 2020):

  • Topic of Discussion: Discussion on inauguration  of submarine optical fibre connectivity in the Andaman Nicobar island
  • Expert Panel : Jitendra Kumar Jain (Cyber Expert);Ruchika Chitravanshi  (Journalist)

Player-1 (English)

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UPSC परीक्षा ​: दैनिक करंट अफेयर्स, Hindi Current Affairs - 14 August 2020


IAS EXAM


UPSC परीक्षा ​: दैनिक करंट अफेयर्स, Hindi Current Affairs - 14 August 2020


::National::

लाल किले की प्राचीर से इस बार पीएम मोदी के किन-किन मुद्दों पर बोलने की संभावना?

  • •    कोरोना महामारी की वजह से प्रोटोकॉल्स के चलते इस बार स्वतंत्रता दिवस पहले के वर्षों से कुछ अलग दिखेगा. मेहमानों की संख्या सीमित रखने के साथ सोशल डिस्टेंसिंग जैसे नियमों का पालन होगा. हालांकि सूत्रों के मुताबिक समारोह के समय में कोई कटौती नहीं
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THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 13 August 2020 (India-South Korea ties (The Hindu))




India-South Korea ties (The Hindu)



Mains Paper 2:International relations 
Prelims level: Indian Culture Centre
Mains level: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Context:

  • India and South Korea have signed numerous bilateral agreements with the aim of taking their ties to the next level. 
  • However, the economic partnership is struck at $22 billion annually, and their defence partnership appears to have recededfrom great all-round promise to the mere sale and purchase of weapon systems.

Perceptions:

  • At the heart of this bilateral stasis is the fact that, Indians and South Koreans are failing to touch a mutually meaningful chord of empathy and move closer to each other as people. 
  • This is at least in part due to cultural prejudices on both sides, which stands in the way of a relationship based on openness, curiosity and warmth.
  • Yet, clearly, whatever bilateral progress has been made, say in the realm of trade and investment, has not lent sufficient momentum that people start building bridges in other areas. 
  • So,
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THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 13 August 2020 (Calibrated balance (The Hindu))




Calibrated balance (The Hindu)



Mains Paper 2:International 
Prelims level: Non- Alignment Movement
Mains level: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Context:

  • In separate statements this week, External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar laid out India’s world view in the face of global challenges, many of which pull it in different directions. 
  • Mr. Jaishankar’s contention was that non-alignment as a concept belonged to a bygoneera.

Non-alignment: Bygone era

  • He held that multipolarity in the world necessitated that India would have to take a definite stand, and even take “risks” on issues such as connectivity, maritime security, terrorism and climate change. 
  • However, he made it clear that India does not reject non-alignment in its entirety, and that while it would no longer remain disentangled from difficult decisions, it would not compromise on its independence. 
  • More importantly, he said that India has “never been part of an alliance system, nor will it ever be”. 
  • He ad
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THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 13 August 2020 (Science without Prejudice (Indian Express))




Science without Prejudice (Indian Express)



Mains Paper 2:Health 
Prelims level: Arsenicum Album 30
Mains level: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health

Context: 

  • The COVID-19 pandemic has fostered conversations on the efficacy of non-allopathic forms of medicine in combating the virus, including homoeopathy. 
  • The pandemic is a challenge to the scientific community, which is dealing with an unknown pathogen. 
  • However, scientists and doctors have known about viruses over the years from research literature and recurring episodes of seasonal flu-like symptoms.
  • Homoeopathic practitioners too have been treating several viral diseases. This knowledge can be harnessed to combat COVID-19.

Corona virus:

  • Corona virus is akin to several other pathogens that cause flu-lik1e symptoms.
  • But the virus grafts itself on to human cells, making the task for the immune system more challenging.
  • So COVID-19 is an infectious disorder of greater intensity than several other viral diseases.
  • That is why there is no antidote to it yet. The
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THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 13 August 2020 (Green and red (Indian Express))




Green and red (Indian Express)



Mains Paper 3:Environment 
Prelims level: Draft notification of EIA
Mains level: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Context:

  • In March, the Union Environment Ministry invited public comments on a draft notification that seeks to overhaulthe country’s Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) procedure.
  • The ministry set June 30 as the deadline for the feedback. The Delhi High Court extended this window to August 11 in response to a petition by environmental activists.
  • The court remarked that the “process of consultation is not an obstacle… it has some sanctity”. 

Dilution:

  • In its 150-day sojournin the public sphere that ended on Tuesday, the draft has attracted, according to the ministry, “four to five lakh responses”.
  • These include criticisms of environmentalists, academics and civil society groups, concerns raised by people from ecologically fragile areas such as the country’s Northeast.
  • In parts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, people braved the COVID pandemic to protest agains
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(VIDEO) Pendency of Case & Virtual Courts : Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate


(VIDEO) Pendency of Case & Virtual Courts : Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

Topic of Discussion: Pendency of Case & Virtual Courts : Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

Expert Panel Name : 

  • P. K. Malhotra, Former Secretary, Ministry of Law & Justice  
  • Satya Prakash, Legal Editor, The Tribune  
  • Piyush Singh, Advocate, Supreme Court

Anchor- Frank Rausan Pereira

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(Audio Notes) Topic: "Discussion on attaining self reliance in defence production and procurement" 10,August 2020 "कोरोनावायरस संक्रमण पर स्वास्थ्य विशेषज्ञ डॉ अनुपम आकाश से आकाशवाणी संवाददाता आनंद श्रीवास्तव की बातचीत " 10,अगस्त 2020


Current Affairs Daily Voice Notes

Spotlight/News Analysis (10,August 2020):

  • Topic of Discussion: Discussion on attaining self reliance in defence production and procurement
  • Expert Panel : Retired Lieutenant General Retired Sanjay Kulkarni (Defence Analyst);Nilabh srivastava (Journalist)

Player-1 (English)

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(Audio Notes) Topic: '' कोरोनावायरस संक्रमण पर स्वास्थ्य विशेषज्ञ डॉ ए के वासनेय से आकाशवाणी संवाददाता आनंद श्रीवास्तव की बातचीत " 09,अगस्त 2020


Current Affairs Daily Voice Notes

समसमायिक श्रव्य नोट्स (09,अगस्त 2020):

  • चर्चा का विषय - कोरोनावायरस संक्रमण पर स्वास्थ्य विशेषज्ञ डॉ ए के वासनेय से आकाशवाणी संवाददाता आनंद श्रीवास्तव  की बातचीत 

Player-2 (Hindi)

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Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 13 August 2020



Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 13 August 2020


Q1 The labour ministry will soon move a proposal to significantly relax the eligibility criteria for availing unemployment benefits under the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation scheme (ESIC). Which of the following statements regarding the ESIC scheme stands true ?

1) Under the AtalBeemaVyaktiKalyanYojana of ESIC, the government provides 25% of the monthly salary as unemployment benefit for three months. However, this could benefit only those subscribers who have been an ESIC subscriber for at least two years.
2) The ESI, which is under the labour ministry, is a self-financing health insurance scheme for formal sector workers in India and is managed by the Employees State Insurance Corporation (ESIC).
3) It applies to all factories and establishments employing at least 30 workers and under the current scheme the benefit can be availed only twice in a lifetime.
Options :
a) 1 & 2 only 
b) 2 & 3 only 
c) 1 & 3 only&n

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Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 13 August 2020


Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 13 August 2020

::NATIONAL::

Government to bring in e-passport scheme from next year

  • After issuing 20,000 official and diplomatic e-passports on a trial basis with such chips, the government has now begun the process for issuance of e-passports for all citizens and is selecting an agency that will set up the IT Infrastructure and solution to implement the big project. 
  • This will make passports difficult to forge and quicker immigration for international passengers. So far, passports issued to citizens are personalised and printed on booklets.
  • The National Informatics Centre, which is working in tandem with the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), has issued a Request for Proposal (RFP) on Wednesday to select an agency to set up an IT Infrastructure and solution for
#[...]

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(The Gist of Kurukshetra) Progress in Agriculture Sector to help in making the country self-reliant



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(The Gist of Kurukshetra) MGNREGA-A Social Security Met INDIA



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(GIST OF YOJANA) JAM Trinity


(GIST OF YOJANA) JAM Trinity

[July-2020]

JAM Trinity

Introduction:

  • Technology governance transformed as a tool had many areas in the delivery of public good in India even before the COVID-19 pandemic. The disease propelled a test of the digital mechanisms of response in a moment of crisis.
  • There have been, in essence, two main pillars of the use of digital technology in the pandemic monitoring, and delivery of public goods. Monitoring has been
  • made possible by the Aarogya Setu mobile app which has broken records of swift volume downloads of an app globally.
  • By assisting in the record
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(GIST OF YOJANA) Export Strategy


(GIST OF YOJANA) Export Strategy

[July-2020]

Export Strategy

Introduction:

  • The word “Aatmanirbhar” refers to both self-reliance and self-sufficiency.
  • The former has a pragmatic positive connotation aimed at developing capabilities indigenously without shunning imports while the latter, is unpragmatic, inward looking and has a negative denotation which hits at Ricardo’s theory of “Comparative Advantage” which holds that international trade is a result of differences in the relative opportunity costs of countries in the production of different goods.
  • The interpretat
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(The Gist of PIB) Khelo India State Centres of Excellence



(The Gist of PIB) Khelo India State Centres of Excellence

 [July-2020]

Khelo India State Centres of Excellence

  • The Sports Ministry is all set to establish Khelo India State Centres of Excellence (KISCE) under the ministry’s flagship, Khelo India Scheme to enhance India’s Olympic performance.

About:

  • One KISCE will be identified in each state and union territory, with an effort to create a robust sporting ecosystem in the entire country.
  • In the first leg, the Ministry has identified state-owned sports facilities in eight states of India, including, Karnataka, Odisha, Kerala, Telengana and the north east states of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland which will be upgraded into KISCE.
  • The State and Union Territory will run the centre and
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(The Gist of PIB) Jan Aushadhi Suvidha Sanitary Napkin



(The Gist of PIB) Jan Aushadhi Suvidha Sanitary Napkin

 [July-2020]

Jan Aushadhi Suvidha Sanitary Napkin

  • Jan Aushadhi Suvidha Sanitary Napkin is being made available in more than 6300 Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Pariyojna -PMBJP Kendras across the country at a minimum price of Rs.1/-per pad. The market price of the similar Sanitary Napkins is around Rs. 3/- to Rs. 8/- per pad.

About:

  • On the eve of World Environment Day 4th June 2018, Government of India proudly announced the launch of “Jan Aushadhi Suvidha Oxo-Biodegradable Sanitary Napkin” for women of India.
  • Since inception (4 June 2018) to 10th June, 2020 over 4.61 crore sanitary Napkins have been sold at Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras.
  • Sanitary Napkins are environmental f
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(The Gist of Science Reporter) International Year of Plant Health



(The Gist of Science Reporter) International Year of Plant Health

[July-2020]


International Year of Plant Health

  • 2020 is the International Year of Plant Health. By definition, a virus is an infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid molecule in a protein coat, is too small to be seen by light microscopy, and is able to multiply only within the living cells of a host. A virus is a submicroscopic infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of life forms, from animals and plants to microorganisms, including bacteria.

What is a Plant Virus?

  • Like other viruses, plant viruses are also composed of a nucleic acid (genome), which is encapsidated by a protein coat. In addition, particles of some plant viruses, like members of the genus Tospovirus, are enveloped by an outer membrane containing lipids and proteins. A si
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(The Gist of Science Reporter) Engineered Enzyme Recycles Plastic Waste



(The Gist of Science Reporter) Engineered Enzyme Recycles Plastic Waste

[July-2020]


Engineered Enzyme Recycles Plastic Waste

  • According (CPCB), an enormous 25,940 tonnes of plastic waste is generated per day in India. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) is one of the major plastics to the 2019 estimates of Central Pollution Control Board employed in the manufacturing of bottles (packaging), fibres (textiles), films, food containers, and various thermoformed packaging and components. It is an extremely difficult plastic to degrade.
  • A group of French researchers from Toulouse Biotechnology Institute, CRITT Bio-Industries and Carbios, has engineered a cutinase enzyme capable of disintegrating the chains that hold the PET building blocks together. The novel modified cutinase enzyme breaks down PET waste efficiently into ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid, the latter to be used for recycling. The finding has been published in th
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(The Gist of Science Reporter) Doctor Dogs to Detect Coronavirus



(The Gist of Science Reporter) Doctor Dogs to Detect Coronavirus

[July-2020]


Doctor Dogs to Detect Coronavirus

  • The to 300 million olfactory receptors in the noses, against about only 6 million in man. It can smell something dog’s sense of smell is legendary. It possesses up buried from 40 feet away and detect odours of a concentration of parts per billion. Now, its service has been called upon for the detection of COVID 19 too. The utilisation of dog’s highly sensitive sniffing power in detecting diseases began with different types of cancer in 2006, when a team of researchers of the Pine Street Foundation, Marine Country of California led by Micheal Mc Culloch found that the animal could identify breast and lung cancer with 99% accuracy. In 2015, a team of Italian researchers announced that they had trained two German shepherds to detect a chemical linked to prostate cancer in urine. Besides various types of cancer, dog
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(The Gist of Science Reporter) Astronomers Find Closest Black Hole to Earth



(The Gist of Science Reporter) Astronomers Find Closest Black Hole to Eart

[July-2020]


Astronomers Find Closest Black Hole to Earth

  • Astronomers the European Southern Observatory (ESO) along with from other institutes have discovered a black hole located just 1000 light-years from Earth. The black hole is closer to our Solar System than any other found till date and forms part of a triple system visible to the naked eye. The team of astronauts have found signs of the black hole by tracing its two companion stars by using the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope at ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile.
  • The system is located in the constellation of Telescopium, it is so close to us that its stars can be easily viewed from the southern hemisphere on a dark, clear night even without using binoculars or a telescope. The hidden black hole in HR 6819 does not interact violently with its environment thus appears truly black. The team o
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(The Gist of Science Reporter) A Common Consumer-friendly Charger



(The Gist of Science Reporter) A Common Consumer-friendly Charger

[July-2020]


A Common Consumer-friendly Charger

Why common charger for all mobile phones and portable can’t we have a devices, including tablets, e-readers and digital cameras?

  • It will not only save the frustration of borrowing a friend’s charger only to find it does not fit into the phone but will also save a tremendous amount of electronic waste. Around the middle of January 2020, the European Parliament held a hearing on a measure to require smartphone makers to produce a common charger for all mobile and portable devices sold in the region. The members of the European Parliament at the hearing, held during the mid of January, lamented the failure to legislate a universal charger, raising environmental concerns and blaming industry for thwarting measures.
  • The European Commission is to publish a study soon to deliberat
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(The Gist of Science Reporter) Plant Virus-like Particles as Vehicles for Therapeutic Antibodies



(The Gist of Science Reporter) Plant Virus-like Particles as Vehicles for Therapeutic Antibodies

[July-2020]


Plant Virus-like Particles as Vehicles for Therapeutic Antibodies

  • Monoclonal identical immune cells are highly effective, non- toxic and can specifically target diseased cells, and antibodies originating from are therefore used in immunotherapy to treat diseases such as psoriasis, cancer and autoimmune disorders. However, since these antibodies are unable to cross the cell membrane, they have mainly been used against antigens present on the surface of cells.
  • Delivering such therapeutic antibodies into a cell to target antigens present inside requires a vehicle that can cross the cell membrane. Virus-Like Particles (VLPs) have this ability. VLPs have only the structural components of a virus but not the genetic material, which makes them non-infectious. Now, researchers at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) have
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IAS EXAM PORTAL (Formerly UPSC PORTAL) | IAS EXAM PORTAL - India's Largest Community for UPSC Exam Aspirants. https://iasexamportal.com/node/feed
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